嫗搒戝妛
崙嵺朄惌暥專帒椏僙儞僞乕崙嵺朄惌暥專帒椏僙儞僞乕偺儂乕儉儁乕僕傊

傛偔堷梡偝傟傞崙嵺忦栺

崙嵺忦栺捠徧棯徧偐傜惓幃柤忦栺杮暥乮塸岅丒朚栿乯傪擖庤偡傞丄斸弝忬嫷傎偐丄娭學忣曬夝愢側偳傪尒傞


Law Review側偳偺朄棩嶨帍偺榑暥側偳傪撉傫偱偄傞偲忦栺偺堷梡偑弌偰偒傑偡偑丄堷梡偝傟偨忦栺柤偼棯徧傗捠徧(Alternative Title)偱帵偝傟偰偄傞偙偲偑傛偔偁傝傑偡丅偦偺嵺丄偦偺忦栺偺僼儖^僀僩儖傪抦傝偨偄丄偝傜偵偼偦偺忦栺暥僥僉僗僩傪尒偨偄(朚栿僥僉僗僩傕)丄偁傞偄偼丄奺崙偺斸弝忬嫷 (Status of ratification) 傗娭學忣曬側偳傪抦傝偨偄応崌偑偁傝傑偡丅偦偺偲偒偼偙偺儕僗僩偐傜挷傋傞偙偲偑偱偒傑偡丅傑偨丄忦栺偺嵦戰,彁柤,敪岠擔丄掲寢偵帄傞宱堒傗奣梫側偳偺忣曬丄偍傛傃摉奩忦栺偑搵嵹偝傟偨岞幃暥彂偺堷梡朄(Legal Citation)傕抦傞偙偲偑偱偒傑偡丅傑偨丄媡偵榑暥嶌惉偺嵺偵忦栺傪堷梡偡傞帪偵昁梫偵側傞棯徧傪抦傞偙偲偑偱偒傑偡丅

乮杮僼傽僀儖偼擔杮崙奜柋徣僒僀僩傗崙夛恾彂娰偺忦栺娭學僒僀僩丄僐儘儔僪戝妛恾彂娰偺Treaty Research丄儈僱僜僞戝妛朄棩恾彂娰偺忦栺儕僗僩丄奜柋徣偺忦栺廤僒僀僩丄搶嫗戝妛搶梞暥壔尋媶強揷拞柧旻尋媶幒偺愴屻擔杮惌帯丒崙嵺娭學僨乕僞儀乕僗側偳丄偄偔偮偐偺Web僒僀僩偑採嫙偡傞僨乕僞偺傎偐丄LEXIS,Westlaw偺<Treaties & International Agreements>側偳傪嶲峫偵嶌惉偟偰偄傑偡乯 丂乮丂晅榐丗暘栰暿偺忦栺偺挷傋曽丂乯


棯崋偺辟抬娃弴偱攝楍偝傟偰偄傑偡偑丄偍巊偄偺僽儔僂僓乕偺専嶕乮FIND乯儃僞儞巊偭偰棯崋傪擖椡偡傟偽懄嵗偵僼儖僞僀僩儖偑傢偐傝傑偡 (乽.乿僪僢僩偼柍帇偟偰昞婰丅擔杮岅僞僀僩儖偐傜挷傋傞応崌傕摨條偵偟偰偔偩偝偄丅乯


忦栺偑搵嵹偝傟偨岞幃暥彂偺堷梡朄偱巊傢傟傞忦栺廤偺棯崋

*       CTS  Consolidated Treaty Series.

*       ETS  European Treaty Series.

*       ILM  International Legal Materials.

*       LNTS  League of Nations Treaty Series.

*       UNTS  United Nations Treaty Series.

*       Bevans  Treaties and Other International Agreements of the USA 1776-1949.

*       ILM  International Legal Materials.

*       Malloy  Treaties, Conventions, International Acts, Protocols and Agreements Between the United States of America and Other Powers.

*       Miller  Treaties and Other International Acts of the USA.

*       OASTS   Organization of American States Treaty Series

*       Redmond  Redmond is the compiler of volume 3 of the Malloy set).

*       Stat.  United States Statutes at Large.

*       S. Treaty Doc : Senate Treaty Documents.

*       TIAS  Treaties and Other International Acts Series.

*       TIF  Treaties in Force.

*       Trenwith  Trenwith is the compiler of volume 4 of the Malloy set.

*       TS.:  Treaty Series.

*       UN Doc.(+Doc Symbol)  United Nations Document+暥彂婰崋乯

*       UST  United States Treaties (and Other International Agreements)


A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  Z


=A=

ABM -- Anti Ballistic Missile Treaty. TREATY BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND THE UNION OF SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLICS ON THE LIMITATION OF ANTI-BALLISTIC MISSILE SYSTEMS  1972-5-26

http://www.fas.org/nuke/control/abmt/text/index.html

懳抏摴儈僒僀儖丒僔僗僥儉惂尷忦栺

拹夝 90

ACHR ---- American Convention on Human Rights丂丂1969-11-21

              OAS Treaty Series No. 36; 1144 UNTS 123丂丂

              http://www.cidh.org/Basicos/basic3.htm

              傾儊儕僇恖尃忦栺乮恖尃偵娭偡傞暷廈忦栺乯

              拹夝 14

ACSA ---Acquisition and Cross-Servicing Agreement (Agreement between the Government of Japan and the Government of the United States of America concerning Reciprocal Provision of Logistic Support, Supplies and Services between the Self-Defense Forces of Japan and the Armed Forces of the United States of America (ACSA)  1996-4-15  

[Amending Agreement 2004-2-27]

              http://www.mofa.go.jp/region/n-america/us/agree0403.pdf

              http://www.mofa.go.jp/region/n-america/us/security/agreement.pdf

              擔杮崙偺帺塹戉偲傾儊儕僇崌廜崙孯戉偲偺娫偵偍偗傞屻曽巟墖丄暔昳嵆偼栶柋偺憡屳偺採嫙偵娭偡傞擔杮崙惌晎偲傾儊儕僇崌廜崙惌晎偲偺娫偺嫤掕乮擔暷暔昳栶柋憡屳採嫙嫤掕乯

       拹夝 93

AEADB --- Agreement to Establish the Asian Development Bank  1965-12-4

              http://www.ioc.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~worldjpn/documents/texts/mt/19651204.T1E.html

              http://www.ioc.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~worldjpn/documents/texts/mt/19651204.T1J.html(朚栿)

              傾僕傾奐敪嬧峴愝棫嫤掕

AFNWFZ --- African Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone Treaty  1964-7-21

              http://dosfan.lib.uic.edu/acda/treaties/afrinwfz.htm

              傾僼儕僇旕妀抧懷壔忦栺

African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights --- African [Banjul] Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights  1981-06-27

              OAU Doc. CAB/LEG/67/3 rev. 5; 21 ILM 58 (1982) 

              http://www1.umn.edu/humanrts/instree/z1afchar.htm

              恖媦傃恖柉偺尃棙偵娭偡傞傾僼儕僇寷復乮捠徧丗僶儞僕儏乕儖寷復乯

              http://www.jiia.or.jp/pdf/global_issues/h14_nepad/horiuchi.pdf

              拹夝 13

AFS Convention --- The International Convention on the Control of Harmful Anti-fouling Systems on
Ships 2001-10-5

              http://www.aph.gov.au/house/committee/jsct/march2003/report/chap5.pdf

              拹夝 126

Agreement Establishing the AIBD --- Agreement establishing the Asia-Pacific Institute for Broadcasting Development  1977-8-12

              UNTS, vol.1216, pp.81

              http://www.ptc.org/resources/non_profits/aibd.html (嶲峫僒僀僩)

              曻憲偺敪揥偺偨傔偺傾僕傾懢暯梞尋媶強偺憂愝嫤掕

              拹夝 165

Agreement Under Article VI of the Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security Between the United States of America and Japan, Regarding Facilities and Areas and the Status of United States Armed Forces in Japan  1960-1-19

              http://www.jca.apc.org/omoiyari/treaties_law/SOFA_E.html

              http://www.jca.apc.org/omoiyari/treaties_law/SOFA.html(朚栿)

              擔杮崙偲傾儊儕僇崌廜崙偲偺娫偺憡屳嫤椡媦傃埨慡曐忈忦栺戞6忦偵婎偯偔巤愝媦傃嬫堟暲傃偵擔杮崙偵偍偗傞崌廜崙孯戉偺抧埵偵娭偡傞嫤掕丂(嵼擔暷孯偺抧埵嫤掕丄擔暷抧埵嫤掕)

Annex 9 to the International Civil Aviation Convention --- Annex 9 - Seventh Edition - to the Convention on International Civil Aviation  1944-12-7

              http://www.icao.int/eshop/annexes_list.htm

Antarctic Treaty --- 1959-12-1

              http://sedac.ciesin.org/entri/texts/acrc/at.txt.html

              http://www.antarctica.ac.uk/About_Antarctica/Treaty/treaty.html

              http://www.ioc.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~worldjpn/documents/texts/mt/19591201.T1J.html乮朚栿乯

              撿嬌忦栺

              拹夝 72

ANZUS Treaty --- Security Treaty between Australia, New Zealand and the United States of America  1951-9-1

              http://www.australianpolitics.com/foreign/anzus/anzus-treaty.shtml

              傾儞僓僗忦栺(僆乕僗僩儔儕傾丄僯儏乕僕乕儔儞僪丄傾儊儕僇偺憡屳埨慡曐忈忦栺)

              拹夝 95

APM --- Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on Their Destruction  1997-9-18

              http://www.un.org/Depts/mine/UNDocs/ban_trty.htm

              http://www.ioc.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~worldjpn/documents/texts/mt/19970918.T1J.html丂乮朚栿乯

              懳恖抧棆嬛巭忦栺乮APM懳恖抧棆偺巊梡丄挋憼丄惗嶻媦傃堏忳偺嬛巭暲傃偵攑婞偵娭偡傞忦栺

              拹夝 74

ATA Convention --- Customs Convention on the ATA carnet for the temporary admission of goods 1961-12-6

              http://english.customs.go.kr/hp/eng/data_24/ataconvention.pdf

 

=B=

Ballast Water Convention --- International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships' Ballast Water and Sediments  2004-2-13

              http://www.bsh.de/de/Meeresdaten/Umweltschutz/Ballastwasser/Konvention_en.pdf

              慏敃偺僶儔僗僩悈媦傃捑揳暔偺婯惂媦傃娗棟偺偨傔偺崙嵺忦栺 (僶儔僗僩悈婯惂忦栺)

              拹夝 114

Bangkok Treaty --- Treaty on the Southeast Asia Nuclear Weapon-Free Zone -- 1995-12-15

              http://www.aseansec.org/3636.htm

              搶撿傾僕傾旕妀抧懷忦栺丂僶儞僐僋忦栺

              拹夝 75

Barcerona Convention ---for the Protection of the Marine Environment and the Coastal Region of the Medi  (1976-2-16, amended in 1995)

              http://www.unep.ch/regionalseas/regions/med/t_barcel.htm (Revised text)

              墭愼偵懳偡傞抧拞奀偺曐岇偵娭偡傞忦栺 (僶儖僙儘僫忦栺)

              拹夝 113

Basel Convention --- Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal  1989-03-22

           1673 UNTS 126; 28 ILM 657 (1989)

              http://www.basel.int/text/text.html

           桳奞攑婞暔偺崙嫬傪墇偊傞堏摦媦傃偦偺張暘偺婯惂偵娭偡傞僶乕僛儖忦栺丂乮棯徧丗僶乕僛儖忦栺乯

              Amendment to the Basel Convention  1995-9-22 (UN Doc. UNEP/CHW. 3/35)

BDV (The Brussels Definition of Value) ---- Convention on the Valuation of Goods for Customs Purposes  2005-6-30 (* This Convention has not yet entered into force.)

              http://www.intertek-fts.com/section_01/s01_intro_c_bdv.htm

              http://www.wcoomd.org/ie/en/Conventions/VG0014E1.pdf 奺崙偺懳墳忬嫷

Beirut Agreement --- Agreement for Facilitating the International Circulation of Visual and Auditory Material of an Educational, Scientific and Cultural Character  1948-12-10彁柤丂1949-7-15彁柤奐曻

              http://www.arabhumanrights.org/unesco/edu-circulation48e.html

              UNTSvol.197, pp.3

              嫵堢揑丄壢妛揑媦傃暥壔揑惈幙偺帇挳妎帒嵽偺崙嵺揑棳捠傪梕堈偵偡傞嫤掕

              拹夝 162

Berne Convention --- Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works 1886-9-9 (1967-7-14 revised at Stockholm, 1971-7-24 revised at Paris)

              828 U.N.T.S. 222, 1161 U.N.T.S. 30

              http://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/ip/berne/trtdocs_wo001.html

              http://www.law.cornell.edu/treaties/berne/overview.html1967擭僗僩僢僋儂儖儉夵掶斉乯

              http://www.law.cornell.edu/treaties/berne/overview.html丂乮1971擭僷儕夵掕斉乯

              http://www.wipo.int/clea/docs/en/wo/wo001en.htm (amended on September 28, 1979.)

              http://www.cric.or.jp/db/z/t1_index.html (朚栿)

              暥妛揑媦傃旤弍揑挊嶌暔偺曐岇偵娭偡傞儀儖僰忦栺(棯徧丗挊嶌暔偺曐岇偵娭偡傞儀儖僰忦栺)

              拹夝 57

Biodiversity Convention --- Convention on Biological Diversity  1992-06-05

              1760 UNTS 79; 31 ILM 818 (1992)

              http://www.wcmc.org.uk/igcmc/convent/cbd/cn_cbd.html

              http://www.biodiv.org/convention/articles.asp

              http://www.biodic.go.jp/biolaw/jo_hon.html (朚栿)

              惗暔偺懡條惈偵娭偡傞忦栺(惗暔懡條惈忦栺)

拹夝 49

BIOSAFETY PROTOCOL 佀丂Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

BIT --- Bilateral Investment Treaty

              2崙娫搳帒曐岇嫤掕

Bonn Convention 佀 CMS

Bretton Woods Agreement --- Articles of Agreement of the International Monetary Fund  1945-12-27

              http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/aa/

              崙嵺捠壿婎嬥嫤掕

Brussels Convention --- Brussels Convention Relating to the Distribution of Programme-Carrying Signals Transmitted by Satellite  1974-5-21

              http://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/ip/brussels/pdf/trtdocs_wo025.pdf

              http://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/ip/brussels/trtdocs_wo025.html

              http://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/ShowResults.jsp?lang=en&treaty_id=19(斸弝忬嫷傎偐丄娭學忣曬)

              UNTS, vol.1144, pp.3

              塹惎偵傛傝憲怣偝傟傞斣慻揱憲怣崋偺揱払偵娭偡傞忦栺

              拹夝 166

Budapest Treaty --- Budapest Treaty on the International Recognition of the Deposit of Microorganisms for the Purposes of Patent Procedure  1977-4-28

http://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/registration/budapest/trtdocs_wo002.html

http://www.jpo.go.jp/shiryou/s_sonota/aippi/budapest/bt/mokuji.htm乮朚栿乯

http://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/ShowResults.jsp?lang=en&treaty_id=7(斸弝忬嫷傎偐丄娭學忣曬)

摿嫋庤懕忋偺旝惗暔偺婑戸偺崙嵺揑彸擣偵娭偡傞僽僟儁僗僩忦栺乮僽僟儁僗僩忦栺乯

拹夝 63

BWC--- Biological Weapons Convention (CONVENTION ON THE PROHIBITION OF THE DEVELOPMENT, PRODUCTION AND STOCKPILING OF BACTERIOLOGICAL (BIOLOGICAL) AND TOXIN WEAPONS AND ON THEIR DESTRUCTION )  1972-4-10

              http://www.state.gov/t/ac/trt/4718.htm

              http://www.mofa.go.jp/mofaj/gaiko/bwc/bwc/pdfs/03.pdf乮朚栿乯

惗暔暫婍嬛巭忦栺乮嵶嬠暫婍(惗暔暫婍)媦傃撆慺暫婍偺奐敪丄惗嶻丄挋憼媦傃巊梡偺嬛巭暲傃偵攑婞偵娭偡傞忦栺乯

拹夝 76

 

= C =

CACNARE ---Convention on Assistance in the Case of a Nuclear Accident or Radiological Emergency  1986-9-26

              http://www.law.berkeley.edu/centers/ilr/ona/documents/Background%20-%201986_Nuc_Acc_Assistance_Conv.pdf

              尨巕椡帠屘傑偨偼曻幩慄嬞媫帠懺偺応崌偵偍偗傞墖彆偵娭偡傞忦栺乿乮尨巕椡帠屘墖彆忦栺

              拹夝 100

CAISG --- Convention on Agency in the International Sale of Goods (Geneva), 1983-2-17

              http://www.unidroit.org/english/conventions/1983agency/1983agency-e.htm

              http://www.unidroit.org/english/implement/i-83.pdf (斸弝忣曬側偳)

              崙嵺摦嶻攧攦偵偍偗傞戙棟偵娭偡傞忦栺

Cape Town Convention on Mobile Equipment --- Convention on International Interests in Mobile Equipment  2001-11-16

              http://www.unidroit.org/english/conventions/mobile-equipment/main.htm

              http://www.jus.uio.no/lm/unidroit.mobile.equipment.international.interests.on.matters.specific.to.aircraft.equipment.protocol.2001/

              http://www.icao.int/icao/en/leb/capetown-prot.pdf (斸弝忬嫷傎偐丄娭學忣曬)

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety ---Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity 2000-1-28 2003-9-11敪岠乯

              http://www.biodiv.org/doc/legal/cartagena-protocol-en.pdf

              惗暔偺懡條惈偵娭偡傞忦栺偺僶僀僆僙乕僼僥傿偵娭偡傞僇儖僞僿僫媍掕彂

              拹夝 69

CBD丂佀丂Biodiversity Convention

CBNW --- Convention on the Nationality of Married Women  1957-1-29

              http://www.unhchr.ch/html/menu3/b/78.htm

              UNTS, vol.309, pp.65

              婛崶晈恖偺崙愋偵娭偡傞忦栺

              拹夝 140

CCAICA ---Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction  1980-10-25

              http://hcch.e-vision.nl/index_en.php?act=conventions.text&cid=24

CCC --- Customs Convention on Containers  1972-12-2

              http://www.unece.org/trans/conventn/ccc_1972e.pdf

              UNTS , vol.988, p.43

              1972擭僐儞僥僫乕偵娭偡傞捠娭忦栺

              拹夝 179

CCCW (The Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons) CCWC

CCS --- Convention on the Continental Shelf1958-4-29

              http://www.un.org/law/ilc/texts/contsh.htm

              http://www.oceanlaw.net/texts/genevacs.htm

              http://www.ioc.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~worldjpn/documents/texts/mt/19580429.T4J.html乮朚栿乯

           戝棨扞偵娭偡傞忦栺(戝棨扞忦栺)

              拹夝 83

CCV --- International Convention on Travel Contracts  1970-4-23

              http://www.unidroit.org/english/conventions/c-trav.htm

CCW CCWC

CCWC --- Certain Conventional Weapons Convention [formal title: Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons which may be Deemed to be Excessively Injurious or to have Indiscriminate Effects ] 1981-4-10

              http://cns.miis.edu/pubs/inven/pdfs/aptccwc.pdf

http://www.ioc.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~worldjpn/documents/texts/mt/19801010.T1J.html 乮朚栿乯

              摿掕捠忢暫婍巊梡嬛巭惂尷忦栺 (夁搙偵彎奞傪梌偊枖偼柍嵎暿偵岠壥傪媦傏偡偙偲偑偁傞偲擣傔傜傟傞捠忢暫婍偺巊梡偺嬛巭枖偼惂尷偵娭偡傞忦栺)

              拹夝 77

CDE --- The Convention against Discrimination in Education.  1960-12-14

              http://www.unhchr.ch/html/menu3/b/d_c_educ.htm

              http://portal.unesco.org/en/ev.php-URL_ID=12949&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html

CEDAW --- Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women丂丂1979-12-18

              GA res. 34/180, 34 UN GAOR Supp. (No. 46) at 193, UN Doc. A/34/46; 1249 UNTS 13丂丂

              http://www.un.org/womenwatch/asp/user/list.asp?ParentID=10360

              http://www.mofa.go.jp/mofaj/gaiko/josi/3b_001.html (朚栿)

              http://www.ioc.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~worldjpn/documents/texts/mt/19791218.T1J.html (朚栿)

              惓幃柤徧丗彈惈乮彈巕乯偵懳偡傞偁傜備傞宍懺偺嵎暿偺揚攑偵娭偡傞忦栺丂(棯徧丗彈惈乮彈巕乯嵎暿揚攑忦栺丄CEDAW忦栺)

              拹夝 17

CEFTA --- Central European Free Trade Agreement  1993-3-1
http://stars.coe.fr/doc/doc98/EDOC8163.HTM

                拞墷帺桼杅堈嫤掕

               拹夝 88

Celestial Bodies Moon Treaty

CENNA --- Convention on Early Notification of a Nuclear Accident  1986-9-26

              http://fletcher.tufts.edu/multi/texts/BH890.txt

              尨巕椡帠屘偺憗婜捠曬偵娭偡傞忦栺(尨巕椡帠屘捠曬忦栺)

CER – [The Australia New Zealand ] Closer Economic Relations Treaty

                http://www.mfat.govt.nz/foreign/regions/australia/cer2003/cerbackgrounder.html

宱嵪嬞枾壔帺桼杅堈嫤掕乮崑偲僯儏乕僕乕儔儞僪娫偺嫤掕乯

CERD --- International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination  1965-12-21

              660 UNTS 195       http://www.ohchr.org/english/law/cerd.htm

http://www.ioc.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~worldjpn/documents/texts/mt/19651221.T1E.html

              http://www.ioc.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~worldjpn/documents/texts/mt/19651221.T1J.html(朚栿)

              偁傜備傞宍懺偺恖庬嵎暿偺揚攑偵娭偡傞崙嵺忦栺乮恖庬嵎暿揚攑忦栺

              拹夝 22

CFCLRHS --- Convention on Fishing and Conservation of the Living Resource of the High Seas1958-4-29

           http://www.un.org/law/ilc/texts/fish.htm

           http://www.oceanlaw.net/texts/genevahs.htm

           http://avatoli.ioc.u-tokyo.ac.jp/%7Eworldjpn/documents/texts/mt/19580429.T3J.html乮朚栿乯

           嫏嬈媦傃岞奀偺惗暔帒尮偺曐懚偵娭偡傞忦栺乮嫏嬈媦傃岞奀偺惗暔帒尮偺曐懚忦栺乯

CFE --- [Treaty on] Conventional Armed Forces in Europe

              http://www.state.gov/t/ac/trt/4781.htm

              http://www.fas.org/nuke/control/cfe/text/index.html

              http://www.mofa.go.jp/mofaj/gaiko/gun_hakusho/2002/hon4_5.pdf (朚栿)

墷廈捠忢愴椡

拹夝 89

CHICAGO CONVENTION --- Convention on International Civil Aviation  1944-12-7

              http://www.iasl.mcgill.ca/airlaw/public/chicago/chicago1944a.pdf

              崙嵺柉娫峲嬻忦栺乮僇僑忦栺

              拹夝 108

Children's Convention --- Convention on the Rights of the Child   1989-11-20

              GA res. 44/25, annex, 44 UN GAOR Supp. (No. 49) at 167, U.N. Doc. A/44/49 (1989) 

              http://www.ohchr.org/english/law/crc.htm

              http://www.crnjapan.com/treaties/en/un_crc_brief.pdf

              帣摱偺尃棙偵娭偡傞忦栺乮帣摱偺尃棙忦栺乯

              拹夝 19

CIFL丂佀丂UNIDROIT Convention on International Financial Leasing

CIGSLC丂佀丂UN Convention on Independent Guarantees and Stand-by Letters of Credit

CIIME --- Convention on International Interests in Mobile Equipment (Cape Town, 2001)

              http://www.unidroit.org/english/conventions/mobile-equipment/mobile-equipment.pdf

              http://www.unidroit.org/english/implement/i-2001-convention.pdf (斸弝忣曬)

CISG 佀丂UNCCISG

CITES --- Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora  1973-03-03

              27 UST 1087; TIAS 8249; 993 UNTS 243

              http://www.cites.org/eng/disc/text.shtml

              http://www.biodic.go.jp/biolaw/law_f.html乮朚栿乯

              愨柵偺偍偦傟偺偁傞栰惗摦怉暔偺庬偺崙嵺庢堷偵娭偡傞忦栺乮棯徧丗儚僔儞僩儞忦栺乯

              拹夝 50

Civil Liability Convention   International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage  1969-11-29

              http://www.imo.org/Conventions/contents.asp?topic_id=256&doc_id=660

              桘偵傛傞墭愼懝奞偵偮偄偰偺柉帠愑擟偵娭偡傞崙嵺忦栺

CLC 佀丂 Civil Liability Convention

CLPISG --- [United Nations] Convention on the Limitation Period in the International Sale of Goods  1974-6-14

              http://www.cisg.law.pace.edu/cisg/text/limitation-text.html

              UN Doc. A/CONF. 63/15

              崙嵺摦嶻攧攦偺帪岠偵娭偡傞忦栺

              Protocol amending the Convention乮杮忦栺傪夵惓偡傞媍掕彂乯 UN Doc. A/CONF. 97/18

              拹夝 170

CMITG --- United Nations Convention on International Multimodal Transport of Goods  1980-5-24

              http://www.jus.uio.no/lm/un.multimodal.transport.1980/doc

              UN Doc. TD/MT/CONF./16

              崙嵺暋崌宆壿暔桝憲偵娭偡傞崙嵺楢崌忦栺

              拹夝 173

CMS --- The Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals 1979-6-23

              http://www.cms.int/documents/convtxt/cms_convtxt.htm

              http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/other/dfat/treaties/1991/32.html

              http://www.iucn.jp/protection/species/Biodiversity%20in%20motion.pdf(朚栿)

              堏摦惈偺栰惗摦暔庬偺曐岇偵娭偡傞忦栺乿乮儃儞忦栺乯

              拹夝 86

COLREG --- Convention on the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea  1972-10-20

              http://www.admiraltylawguide.com/conven/collisions1972.html

              1972擭偺崙嵺奀忋徴撍梊杊婯懃偵娭偡傞忦栺(俠俷俴俼俤俧忦栺

              拹夝 118

Commercial Road Vehicles Convention --- Customs Convention on the temporary importation of commercial road vehicles  1956-5-18

              http://www.unece.org/trans/conventn/impcom-e.pdf

Commercial Samples Convention --- International Convention to facilitate the importation of commercial samples and advertising material 1952-11-7

              http://english.customs.go.kr/hp/eng/data_24/samples.pdf

Constantinople Convention of the Suez Canal --- Convention respecting the free navigation of the Suez maritime Canal  1888-10-29

              http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Constantinople_Convention_of_the_Suez_Canal

              僗僄僘塣壨偺帺桼峲峴偵娭偡傞忦栺

Containers Convention --- Customs Convention on Containers 1972-12-2

           http://www.unece.org/trans/conventn/ccc_1972e.pdf

Consular Relations Convention --- Vienna Convention on Consular Relations 1963-4-24

              http://www.un.org/law/ilc/texts/consul.htm

              UNTS, Nos. 8638-8640, vol. 596, p. 262

Convention Abolishing the Requirement of Legalisation for Foreign Public Documents  1961-10-5

              http://hcch.e-vision.nl/index_en.php?act=conventions.text&cid=41

Convention for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded and Sick in Armed Forces in the Field丂丂 Aug. 12, 1949,

              6 U.S.T. 3114; 75  U.N.T.S. 31

              http://www.icrc.org/ihl.nsf/7c4d08d9b287a42141256739003e636b/fe20c3d903ce27e3c125641e004a92f3

              http://www.jda.go.jp/j/library/treaty/geneva/geneva1.htm乮朚栿乯

愴抧偵偁傞孯戉偺彎幰媦傃昦幰偺忬懺偺夵慞偵娭偡傞1949812擔偺僕儏僱乕僽忦栺 乮戞堦忦栺乯乮彎昦幰曐岇忦栺

拹夝 26

Convention for the Amelioration of the Condition of Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked Members of Armed Forces at Sea Aug. 12, 1949,

6 U.S.T. 3217; 75 U.N.T.S. 85

http://www.icrc.org/ihl.nsf/7c4d08d9b287a42141256739003e636b/44072487ec4c2131c125641e004a9977

http://www.jda.go.jp/j/library/treaty/geneva/geneve2.htm乮朚栿乯

奀忋偵偁傞孯戉偺彎幰丄昦幰媦傃擄慏幰偺忬懺偺夵慞偵娭偡傞1949812擔偺僕儏僱乕僽忦栺乮戞擇忦栺乯乮擄慏幰曐岇忦栺乯

拹夝 27

Convention on the Choice of Court  1965-11-25

              http://hcch.e-vision.nl/index_en.php?act=conventions.text&cid=77

Convention on civil procedure  1954-3-1

              http://hcch.e-vision.nl/index_en.php?act=conventions.text&cid=33

Convention on a Code of Conduct for Liner Conferences  1974-4-6

              http://www.admiraltylawguide.com/conven/liner1974.html

              UNTS, vol.1334, pp.15  ILM, vol.13, pp.917

              掕婜慏摨柨峴摦寷復忦栺

              拹夝 183

Convention Concerning Customs Facilities for Touring –1954-6-4

              http://www.unece.org/trans/conventn/Touring-1954e.pdf

Convention concerning the recognition of the legal personality of foreign companies, associations and institutions  1956-6-1

              http://hcch.e-vision.nl/index_en.php?act=conventions.text&cid=36

Convention concerning the recognition and enforcement of decisions relating to maintenance obligations towards children  1958-6-1

              http://hcch.e-vision.nl/index_en.php?act=conventions.text&cid=38

Convention concerning the powers of authorities and the law applicable in respect of the protection of minors  1961-10-5

              http://hcch.e-vision.nl/index_en.php?act=conventions.text&cid=39

Convention concerning the Use of Broadcasting in the Cause of Peace  1936-9-23

              LNTS, vol.186, pp.301

              暯榓偺偨傔偺儔僕僆曻憲巊梡偵娭偡傞崙嵺忦栺

              拹夝 196

Convention on the Conflicts of Laws relating to the Form of Testamentary Dispositions  1961-10-5

              http://hcch.e-vision.nl/index_en.php?act=conventions.text&cid=40

Convention on Consent to Marriage, Minimum Age for Marriage and Registration of Marriages --- 1962-12-10

              http://www1.umn.edu/humanrts/instree/o1ccmar.htm

              崶堶偺摨堄丄崶堶偺嵟掅擭楊媦傃崶堶偺搊榐偵娭偡傞忦栺

              拹夝 142

Convention on International Access to Justice  1980-10-25

              http://hcch.e-vision.nl/index_en.php?act=conventions.text&cid=91

Convention on the High Seas  1958-4-29

              http://www.un.org/law/ilc/texts/hseas.htm

              http://avatoli.ioc.u-tokyo.ac.jp/%7Eworldjpn/documents/texts/mt/19580429.T2J.html (朚栿)

              岞奀偵娭偡傞忦栺(岞奀忦栺)

Convention on International Liability for Damage Caused by Space Objects  1972-3-29

              http://www.oosa.unvienna.org/Reports/liabilityE.pdf

              塅拡暔懱偵傛傝堷偒婲偙偝傟傞懝奞偵偮偄偰偺崙嵺揑愑擟偵娭偡傞忦栺 (塅拡懝奞愑擟忦栺)

Convention on the International Right of Correction – 1953-3-31

              http://www.unhchr.ch/html/menu3/b/i_ilocor.htm

              UNTS , vol.435, pp.191

              崙嵺廋惓尃偵娭偡傞忦栺

              拹夝 163

Convention on the jurisdiction of the selected forum in the case of international sales of goods  1958-4-15

              http://hcch.e-vision.nl/index_en.php?act=conventions.text&cid=34

Convention on Jurisdiction, Applicable Law and Recognition of Decrees Relating to Adoptions  1965-11-15

              http://hcch.e-vision.nl/index_en.php?act=conventions.text&cid=75

Convention on Jurisdiction, Applicable Law, Recognition, Enforcement and Co-operation in respect of Parental Responsibility and Measures for the Protection of Children 1996-10-9

              http://hcch.e-vision.nl/index_en.php?act=conventions.text&cid=70

Convention on the Law Applicable to Contracts for the International Sale of Goods 1986-12-22

              24 ILM 1575 (1985)丂丂

http://www.jus.uio.no/lm/hcpil.applicable.law.sog.convention.1986/doc

              http://www.hcch.net/index_en.php?act=conventions.text&cid=61

崙嵺摦嶻攧攦宊栺偺弨嫆朄偵娭偡傞僴乕僌忦栺乮桳懱摦嶻偺崙嵺揑惈幙傪桳偡傞攧攦偵揔梡偝傟傞朄棩偺偨傔偺忦栺乯

拹夝 11

Convention on the law applicable to international sales of goods  1955-6-15

              http://hcch.e-vision.nl/index_en.php?act=conventions.text&cid=31

Convention on the law applicable to maintenance obligations towards children  1956-10-24

              http://hcch.e-vision.nl/index_en.php?act=conventions.text&cid=37

Convention on the Law Applicable to Products Liability  1973-10-2

              http://hcch.e-vision.nl/index_en.php?act=conventions.text&cid=84

Convention on the Law Applicable to Traffic Accidents  1971-5-4

           http://hcch.e-vision.nl/index_en.php?act=conventions.text&cid=81

Convention on the law governing transfer of title in international sales of goods  1958-4-15

              http://hcch.e-vision.nl/index_en.php?act=conventions.text&cid=32

Convention on the Marking of Plastic Explosives for the Purpose of Detection  [Identification]  1991-3-1

              http://www.unodc.org/unodc/terrorism_convention_plastic_explosives.html

              壜慪惈敋栻偺扵抦偺偨傔偺幆暿慬抲偵娭偡傞忦栺乮僾儔僗僠僢僋敋栻扵抦忦栺乯

              拹夝 39

Convention on the Non-Applicability of Statutory Limitation to War Crimes and Crimes Against Humanity  1968-11-26

              http://www1.umn.edu/humanrts/instree/x4cnaslw.htm

              UNTS, vol.754, pp.73

              愴憟斊嵾媦傃恖摴偵懳偡傞嵾偵懳偡傞帪岠晄揔梡偵娭偡傞忦栺

              拹夝 144

Convention for the Pacific Settlement of International Disputes  1907-10-18

              http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/lawofwar/pacific.htm

              http://www.gensuikin.org/data/1907heiwa.html (朚栿)

              崙嵺暣憟暯榓揑張棟忦栺

Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Crimes against Internationally Protected Persons, including Diplomatic Agents  1973-12-14

http://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/terrorism_convention_protected_persons.html

http://www.uia.org/legal/app55.php

http://homepage1.nifty.com/arai_kyo/intlaw/docs/gaikou.htm (朚栿)

崙嵺揑偵曐岇偝傟傞幰乮奜岎姱傪娷傓丅乯偵懳偡傞斊嵾偺杊巭媦傃張敱偵娭偡傞忦栺乮崙壠戙昞摍斊嵾杊巭張敱忦栺乯

拹夝 34

Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in respect of Intercountry Adoption  1933-5-29

              http://hcch.e-vision.nl/index_en.php?act=conventions.text&cid=69

        http://hcch.e-vision.nl/index_en.php?act=conventions.status&cid=69

Convention for the Protection of the Rhine against Chemical Pollution   1976-12-3

               http://fletcher.tufts.edu/multi/texts/BH697.txt

               儔僀儞愳壔妛暔墭愼杊巭忦栺

               拹夝 131

Convention for the Protection of the Rhine against Pollution by Chlorides   1976-12-3

               http://ocid.nacse.org/qml/research/tfdd/toTFDDdocs/300ENG.pdf

               儔僀儞愳墫壔暔墭愼杊巭忦栺

               拹夝 130

Council Convention--- Convention establishing a Customs Co-operation Council 1950-12-15
           http://www.wcoomd.org/ie/en/Conventions/convccc.pdf

Convention providing a Uniform Law on the Form of an International Will1973

              http://www.unidroit.org/english/conventions/1973wills/1973wills-e.htm

              http://www.unidroit.org/english/implement/i-73.pdf (斸弝忣曬側偳)

Convention on the Recognition of Divorces and Legal Separations  1970-6-1

              http://hcch.e-vision.nl/index_en.php?act=conventions.status&cid=80

Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Decisions relating to Maintenance Obligations  1973-10-2

              http://hcch.e-vision.nl/index_en.php?act=conventions.text&cid=85

Convention on Registration of Objects Launched into Outer Space --- 1974-11-12

              http://www.jaxa.jp/jda/library/space-law/chapter_2/2-2-2-13_e.html

              http://www.jaxa.jp/jda/library/space-law/chapter_2/2-2-2-13_j.html(朚栿)

              塅拡嬻娫偵懪偪忋偘傜傟偨暔懱偺搊榐偵娭偡傞忦栺乮塅拡暔懱搊榐忦栺乯

Convention on Rights and Duties of States (inter-American)  1933-12-26

              http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/intdip/interam/intam03.htm

              崙偺尃棙媦傃媊柋偵娭偡傞忦栺(暷廈)

Convention of on the Service Abroad of Judicial and Extrajudicial Documents in Civil or Commercial Matters  1965-11-15

              http://hcch.e-vision.nl/index_en.php?act=conventions.text&cid=17

Convention On The Settlement Of Investment Disputes Between States And Nationals Of Other States International Centre For Settlement Of Investment Disputes  1965-3-18

              http://www.jus.uio.no/lm/icsid.settlement.of.disputes.between.states.and.nationals.of.other.states.convention.washington.1965/

              崙壠偲懠偺崙壠偺崙柉偲偺娫偺搳帒暣憟偺夝寛偵娭偡傞忦栺(搳帒暣憟夝寛忦栺)

              拹夝 98

Convention relating to the settlement of the conflicts between the law of nationality and the law of domicile · Convention  1955-6-15

              http://hcch.e-vision.nl/index_en.php?act=conventions.text&cid=35

Convention on Special Missions and Optional Protocol concerning the Compulsory Settlement of Disputes  1969-12-8

              http://www.un.org/law/ilc/texts/diprdfra.htm

              UNTS, vol.1400, pp.231;   ILM, vol.9, pp.127

              摿攈巊愡抍偵娭偡傞忦栺媦傃暣憟偺媊柋揑夝寛偵娭偡傞慖戰媍掕彂

              拹夝 157

Convention and Statutes on the Regime of Navigable Waterways of International Concern and Additional Protocol  1921-4-20

              http://untreaty.un.org/French/bible/titles/english.pdf

              LNTS , vol.7, pp.35

              崙嵺娭學傪桳偡傞壜峲悈楬偺惂搙偵娭偡傞忦栺媦傃捛壛媍掕彂

              拹夝 191

[Hague ] Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Seizure of Aircraft  1970-12-16

              http://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/terrorism_convention_aircraft_seizure.html

峲嬻婡偺晄朄側扗庢偺杊巭偵娭偡傞忦栺 (峲嬻婡晄朄扗庢杊巭忦栺-乮僿乕僌忦栺乯)

              拹夝 33

Convention on the Taking of Evidence Abroad in Civil or Commercial Matters  1970-3-18

              http://hcch.e-vision.nl/index_en.php?act=conventions.text&cid=82

COSPAS-CARSAT Agreement--- International COSPAS-SARSAT Programme Agreement  1988-8-30

              http://www.aviation.go.th/airtrans/airlaw/COSPAS_SARSAT.html

              http://www.icao.int/icao/en/leb/cospas.pdf (斸弝忬嫷傎偐丄娭學忣曬)

CPISA --- Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the Specialized Agencies --- Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the Specialized Agencies - application to ICAO  1947-11-21

           http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/sd/index.asp?decision=DN20

           http://www.icao.int/icao/en/leb/UNpriv.pdf (斸弝忬嫷傎偐丄娭學忣曬)

CPIUN --- Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the United Nations  1946-2-13

              http://www.unog.ch/80256EDD006B8954/(httpAssets)/C8297DB1DE8566F2C1256F2600348A73/$file/Convention%20P%20&%20I%20(1946)%20-%20E.pdf

              http://homepage1.nifty.com/arai_kyo/intlaw/docs/uncpi.htm 乮朚栿乯

              1 UNTS 15

              崙嵺楢崌偺摿尃媦傃柶彍偵娭偡傞忦栺(崙楢偺摿尃柶彍忦栺)

CPPNM --- Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material1979-10-26

http://www.unodc.org/unodc/terrorism_convention_nuclear_material.html

妀暔幙偺杊岇偵娭偡傞忦栺乮妀暔幙杊岇忦栺丄俹俹忦栺

拹夝 35

CRC丂佀丂Children's Convention

CRS --- Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness 1961-8-30

              http://www1.umn.edu/humanrts/instree/w2crs.htm

UNTS vol.989 p175

柍崙愋偺尭彮偵娭偡傞忦栺

拹夝 141

CRSS --- Convention on Road Signs and Signals  1968-11-8

              http://www.unece.org/trans/main/wp1/newdocs/wp19803.pdf

              UNTS, vol.1091, pp.3

              岎捠昗幆偵娭偡傞忦栺

              拹夝 182

CRT --- Convention on Road Traffic  1968-11-8

              http://www.unece.org/trans/conventn/crt1968e.pdf

              UNTS, vol.1042, pp.17

              1968擭摴楬岎捠偵娭偡傞忦栺

              拹夝 181

CSC --- International Convention for Safe Containers (CSC), 1972-12-2

              http://www.admiraltylawguide.com/conven/containers1972.html

              埨慡僐儞僥僫崙嵺忦栺

              拹夝 119

CSSP --- Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons - 1954-9-28

           http://www.unhcr.bg/bglaw/en/convention_relating_s_stateless_persons_en.pdf

              UNTS, vol.360, pp.117

              柍崙愋幰偺抧埵偵娭偡傞忦栺

              拹夝 138

CSUNAP --- Convention on the Safety of United Nations and Associated Personnel  1994-12-9

              http://www.vilp.de/Enpdf/e021.pdf

              http://homepage1.nifty.com/arai_kyo/intlaw/docs/csunap.htm 乮朚栿乯

              崙嵺楢崌梫堳媦傃娭楢梫堳偺埨慡偵娭偡傞忦栺(崙楢梫堳摍埨慡忦栺)

CTBT--- Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty  1996-9-10

              http://www.nawcwpns.navy.mil/~treaty/CTBT.html

              http://disarmament.un.org/TreatyStatus.nsf

              http://www.iijnet.or.jp/JIIA-CPDNP/pdf/kaku/CTBT/treaty.PDF(朚栿)

              曪妵揑妀幚尡嬛巭忦栺

              拹夝 78

CTEIA --- Convention on the Transboundary Effects of Industrial Accidents  1992-3-17

              http://www.unece.org/env/teia/text.htm

              ILM , vol.31, pp.1330

              嶻嬈帠屘偺崙嫬傪墇偊偨塭嬁偵娭偡傞忦栺

              拹夝 189

CTSCZ --- Convention on the Territorial Sea and the Contiguous Zone  1958-4-29

           http://www.un.org/law/ilc/texts/terrsea.htm

              http://www.ioc.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~worldjpn/documents/texts/mt/19580429.T1J.html (朚栿)

           椞奀媦傃愙懕悈堟偵娭偡傞忦栺乮椞奀媦傃愙懕悈堟忦栺乯

Customs Convention on the Temporary Importation for Private Use of Aircraft and Pleasure Boats  1956-5-18

              http://www.unece.org/trans/conventn/aire.pdf

              UNTS, vol.319, pp.21

              帺壠梡峲嬻婡媦傃屸妝梡慏掵偺堦帪桝擖偵娭偡傞捠娭忦栺

              拹夝 177

CWC --- Chemical Weapons Convention  1997-4-8

              http://www.cwc.gov/treaty/treatytext_html

              http://www.mofa.go.jp/mofaj/gaiko/bwc/cwc/jyoyaku/pdfs/05.pdf (朚栿)

              壔妛暫婍嬛巭忦栺乮壔妛暫婍偺奐敪丄惗嶻丄挋憼媦傃巊梡偺嬛巭暲傃偵攑婞偵娭偡傞忦栺乯

              拹夝 79

 

=D=

 

Diplomatic Relations Convention ---Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations  1961-4-18

              http://www.un.org/law/ilc/texts/diplomat.htm

DSU, Dispute Settlement Understanding --- Understanding on Rules and Procedures Governing the Settlement of Disputes

              1869 UNTS 401; 33 ILM 1226 (1994) 

              http://www.wto.org/english/docs_e/legal_e/28-dsu.pdf

暣憟夝寛偵娭偡傞婯懃媦傃庤懕偵娭偡傞椆夝,

拹夝 10

 

= E =

ECE Water Convention --- Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes1992-3-17

               http://www.dniester.org/images/stories/waterconvention.pdf

               ILM , vol.31, pp.1312

               崙嫬傪墇偊偨悈堟媦傃崙嵺屛徖偺曐岇媦傃棙梡偵娭偡傞忦栺

               拹夝 188

EC Treaty --- Treaty Establishing the European Community  1957-3-25

              http://europa.eu.int/abc/obj/treaties/en/entoc05.htm

              http://www.hri.org/docs/Rome57/

              儓乕儘僢僷嫟摨懱傪愝棫偡傞忦栺 (EC忦栺)

ENMOD (Environmental Modification) 亖丂Environmental Modification Convention --- Convention on the Prohibition of Military or Any Other Hostile Use of Environmental Modification Techniques. 1976-12-10 (signed 1977-5-18)

              http://www.sussex.ac.uk/Units/spru/hsp/ENMOD.pdf

              http://www.state.gov/t/ac/trt/4783.htm#treaty

              http://disarmament.un.org/TreatyStatus.nsf

              http://www.ioc.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~worldjpn/documents/texts/mt/19770518.T1J.html乮朚栿乯

              娐嫬夵曄媄弍偺孯帠揑巊梡偦偺懠偺揋懳揑巊梡偺嬛巭偵娭偡傞忦栺 (娐嫬夵曄媄弍揋懳揑巊梡嬛巭忦栺丄娐嫬夵曄暫婍嬛巭忦栺)

              拹夝 96

EPAEconomic Partnership Agreement乮奺崙偲偺擇崙娫忦栺-宱嵪楢実嫤掕乯

EPC --- European Patent Convention (Convention on the Grant f European Patents)  1973-10-5

              http://www.european-patent-office.org/legal/epc/e/ma1.html#CVN

              儓乕儘僢僷摿嫋忦栺

              拹夝 64

European Convention on Human Rights --- Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms  1950-11-04

              ETS 5; 213 UNTS 221 

              http://www.pfc.org.uk/legal/echrtext.htm

              http://www.echr.coe.int/Convention/webConvenENG.pdf

              恖尃媦傃婎杮揑帺桼偺曐岇偵娭偡傞忦栺 (儓乕儘僢僷恖尃忦栺)

              拹夝 16

European Social Charter --- European Social Charter丂丂1961-10-18

              529 UNTS 89; ETS 35丂丂

              http://conventions.coe.int/treaty/Commun/QueVoulezVous.asp?NT=035&CM=8&DF=29/06/05&CL=ENG

              儓乕儘僢僷幮夛寷復

              拹夝 21

Exhibitions and Fairs Convention ---Customs Convention concerning facilities for the importation of goods for display or use at exhibitions, fairs, meetings or similar events  1961-6-8

           http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/other/dfat/treaties/1963/2.html

          

 

= F =

FAL Convention --- Convention on Facilitation of International Maritime Traffic 1965-4-9

              http://www.admiraltylawguide.com/conven/facilitation1965.html

              591 UNTS 265

              崙嵺奀塣偺娙堈壔偵娭偡傞忦栺

              拹夝 115

FC --- International Convention on the Establishment of an International Fund for the Compensation of Oil Pollution Damage  1971-12-18

              http://www.imo.org/Conventions/mainframe.asp?topic_id=256&doc_id=661

              桘偵傛傞墭愼懝奞偺曗彏偺偨傔偺崙嵺婎嬥偺愝棫偵娭偡傞崙嵺忦栺

Film Register Treaty --- Treaty on the International Registration of Audiovisual Works  1989-4-20

              http://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/ip/frt/trtdocs_wo004.html

              http://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/ShowResults.jsp?lang=en&treaty_id=28 (斸弝忬嫷傎偐丄娭學忣曬)

Florence Agreement --- Agreement on the importation of educational, scientific and cultural material  1950-11-22

              http://portal.unesco.org/en/ev.php-URL_ID=12074&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html

FMCT--- Fissile Material Cut-off Treaty. Prohibition of the production of fissile material for nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices  1998-8-11

              http://www.auswaertiges-amt.de/www/en/aussenpolitik/friedenspolitik/abr_und_r/fmct_html

暫婍梡妀暘楐惈暔幙惗嶻嬛巭忦栺丄乮僇僢僩僆僼忦栺乯

拹夝 91

FTA 佀丂Free Trade Agreement乮奺崙偲偺擇崙娫忦栺-帺桼杅堈嫤掕乯

FUND丂佀FC

 

= G =

 

GATS --- General Agreement on Trade in Services   1994-04-15

              1869 UNTS 183; 33 ILM 1167 (1994)

              http://www.wto.org/english/docs_e/legal_e/26-gats.pdf

              僒乕價僗偺杅堈偵娭偡傞堦斒嫤掕

拹夝 197

GATT 1947 --- General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT 1947) 194-7-10-30

              http://www.wto.org/english/docs_e/legal_e/gatt47_e.pdf

              http://www.ioc.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~worldjpn/documents/texts/mt/19471030.T1J.html乮朚栿乯

娭惻偲杅堈偵娭偡傞堦斒嫤掕

              拹夝 8

GATT 1957 --- General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT 1957)1957-10-7

              http://www.ioc.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~worldjpn/documents/texts/mt/19571007.T1E.html

              http://www.ioc.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~worldjpn/documents/texts/mt/19571007.T1J.html乮朚栿乯

娭惻偲杅堈偵娭偡傞堦斒嫤掕

GATT 1966 --- General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT 1966)  1966-6-27

              http://www.ioc.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~worldjpn/documents/texts/mt/19660627.T1E.html

              http://www.ioc.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~worldjpn/documents/texts/mt/19660627.T1J.html乮朚栿乯

GATT 1994 --- General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT 1994)

              1867 UNTS 187, 33 ILM 1153 (1994) 

              http://www.wto.org/english/docs_e/legal_e/06-gatt.pdf

              娭惻偲杅堈偵娭偡傞堦斒嫤掕

              拹夝 9

GCRTPW --- Geneva Convention Relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of WarAug. 12, 1949

6 U.S.T. 3316;75 U.N.T.S. 135

http://www.icrc.org/ihl.nsf/7c4d08d9b287a42141256739003e636b/6fef854a3517b75ac125641e004a9e68

http://www.jda.go.jp/j/library/treaty/geneva/geneva3.htm乮朚栿乯

曔椄偺懸嬾偵娭偡傞1949812擔偺僕儏僱乕僽忦栺乮戞嶰忦栺乯乮曔椄忦栺)

              拹夝 29

Geneva Convention --- Convention on the International Recognition of Rights in Aircraft  1948-6-19

              http://www.iasl.mcgill.ca/airlaw/private/other/geneva1948.pdf

Geneva Convention Relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, Aug. 12, 1949

           75 U.N.T.S. 287

              http://www.icrc.org/ihl.nsf/7c4d08d9b287a42141256739003e636b/6756482d86146898c125641e004aa3c5

              http://www.jda.go.jp/j/library/treaty/geneva/geneva4.htm乮朚栿乯

              愴帪偵偍偗傞暥柉偺曐岇偵娭偡傞1949812擔偺僕儏僱乕僽忦栺乮戞巐忦栺乯乮暥柉忦栺乯

              拹夝 30

Geneva Protocol 1925 佀丂Protocol for the Prohibition of the Use in War of Asphyxiating, Poisonous or Other Gases, and of Bacteriological Methods of Warfare

Genocide Convention --- Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide  1948-12-09

              78 UNTS 277  

              http://www.ohchr.org/english/law/genocide.htm

              惓幃柤徧丗廤抍嶦奞嵾偺杊巭偍傛傃張敱偵娭偡傞忦栺 (僕僃僲僒僀僪忦栺

           拹夝 18

Guadalajara Convention --- Convention, Supplementary to the Warsaw Convention, for the Unification of Certain Rules Relating to International Carriage by Air Performed by a Person Other than the Contracting Carrier  1961-9-18

              http://www.jurisint.org/en/ins/165.html

 

= H =

Hague II -- International Convention respecting the Limitation of the Employment of Force for the Recovery of Contract Debts [Hague II]  1907-10-18

              http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/other/dfat/treaties/1910/6.html

              http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/lawofwar/hague072.htm

              http://homepage1.nifty.com/paganus/treaty01.html 乮朚栿乯

              宊栺忦僲嵚柋夞廂僲堊僯僗儖暫椡巊梡僲惂尷僯娭僗儖忦栺

Hague Agreement --- Hague Agreement Concerning the International Deposit of Industrial Designs  1934, 1960, 1961-11-18, 1967-7-14

              http://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/registration/hague/index.html

              http://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/ShowResults.jsp?lang=en&treaty_id=9

The Hague Convention Convention Abolishing the Requirement of Legalisation for Foreign Public Documents  1961-10-5

Hague Convention --- Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Seizure of Aircraft  1970-12-16

              http://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/terrorism_convention_aircraft_seizure.html

              峲嬻婡偺晄朄側扗庢偺杊巭偵娭偡傞忦栺 (峲嬻婡晄朄扗庢杊巭忦栺-乮僿乕僌忦栺乯)

拹夝 33

The Hague Convention of 1954 --- Convention on the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict with Regulations for the Execution of the Convention 1954,  1954-5-14

              http://www.icomos.org/hague/hague.convention.html

              http://portal.unesco.org/en/ev.php-URL_ID=13637&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html

Hague Protocol --- Protocol to Amend the Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules Relating to International Carriage by Air  1955-9-28

              http://www.jus.uio.no/lm/air.carriage.warsaw.convention.hague.protocol.1955/

Helsinki Declaration --- The Final Act of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe  1975-8-1

              http://www1.umn.edu/humanrts/osce/basics/finact75.htm

14 I.L.M. 1292

儓乕儘僢僷埨慡曐忈媦傃嫤椡夛媍嵟廔媍掕彂(僿儖僔儞僉愰尵)

HNS Convention --- International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea  1996-5-3

              http://www.jus.uio.no/lm/imo.carriage.by.sea.liability.compensation.damage.connected.to.hazardous.and.noxious.substances.convention.1996/

              35 ILM 1406

              婋尟暔幙媦傃桳奞暔幙偺奀忋桝憲偵敽偆懝奞偵偮偄偰偺愑擟偍傛傃曗彏偵娭偡傞崙嵺忦栺(俫俶俽忦栺)

              拹夝 125

Hostages Convention --- Convention against the Taking of Hostages丂丂1979-12-17

              GA res. 34/146 (XXXIV), 34 UN GAOR Supp. (No. 46) at 245, UN Doc. A/34/46 (1979);1316 UNTS 205; TIAS No. 11081; 18 ILM 1456 (1979)

              http://www.unodc.org/unodc/terrorism_convention_hostages.html

              http://untreaty.un.org/English/Terrorism.asp

              http://homepage1.nifty.com/arai_kyo/intlaw/docs/hostage.htm乮朚栿乯

              恖幙傪偲傞峴堊偵娭偡傞崙嵺忦栺丂乮恖幙峴堊杊巭忦栺乯

              拹夝 31

 

= I =

IATTC Convention--- Convention for the Establishment of an Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission  1949-5-31

              http://www.iattc.org/PDFFiles/IATTC_convention_1949.pdf

              慡暷擬懷傑偖傠椶埾堳夛偺愝抲偵娭偡傞傾儊儕僇崌廜崙偲僐僗僞丒儕僇嫟榓崙偲偺娫偺忦栺 乮慡暷擬懷傑偖傠椶忦栺乯

              拹夝 128

ICAAS --- International Convention against Apartheid in Sports .1985-12-10

http://www.unhchr.ch/html/menu3/b/12.htm

UN Doc. A/RES/40/64G

              僗億乕僣偵偍偗傞斀傾僷儖僩僿僀僩崙嵺忦栺

              拹夝 146

ICCAT --- International Convention for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas  1966-5-14

              http://66.102.7.104/search?q=cache:vBX-IgqbOLMJ:www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/envir_e/iccat_e.doc+&hl=ja

              戝惣梞偺傑偖傠椶偺曐懚偺偨傔偺崙嵺忦栺

              拹夝 127

ICCPR --- International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights  1966-12-16

              http://www.ioc.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~worldjpn/documents/texts/mt/19661216.O2E.html

              http://www.ioc.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~worldjpn/documents/texts/mt/19661216.O2J.html乮朚栿乯

              巗柉揑媦傃惌帯揑尃棙偵娭偡傞崙嵺婯栺乮崙嵺恖尃婯栺俛婯栺丄帺桼尃婯栺乯

              拹夝 143

ICCPR ---[ Optional Protocol to ] the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights  1966-12-16

              GA res. 2200A (XXI), 21 UN GAOR Supp. (No. 16) at 52, UN Doc. A/6316 (1966); 999 UNTS 171

              http://www.ohchr.org/english/law/ccpr.htm

              巗柉揑媦傃惌帯揑尃棙偵娭偡傞崙嵺婯栺偵偮偄偰偺慖戰媍掕彂

              拹夝 23

ICESCR --- International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights丂丂1966-12-16

              GA res. 2200A (XXI), 21 UN GAOR Supp. (No. 16) at 49, UN Doc. A/6316 (1966); 993 UNTS 3

              http://www.ohchr.org/english/law/cescr.htm

              http://www.ioc.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~worldjpn/documents/texts/mt/19661216.O1J.html乮朚栿乯

              宱嵪揑丄幮夛揑媦傃暥壔揑尃棙偵娭偡傞崙嵺婯栺乮崙嵺恖尃婯栺俙婯栺丄幮夛尃婯栺

              拹夝 24

ICJ Statute --- Statute of the International Court of Justice丂丂1945-06-26

3 Bevans 1179; 59 Stat. 1031; T.S. 993; 39 AJIL Supp. 215

              http://www.icj-cij.org/icjwww/ibasicdocuments/ibasictext/ibasicstatute.htm

              拹夝 3

ICSFT --- International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism  1999-12-9

              http://untreaty.un.org/English/Terrorism/Conv12.pdf

              http://homepage1.nifty.com/arai_kyo/intlaw/docs/terroshikin.htm乮朚栿乯

              僥儘儕僘儉偵懳偡傞帒嬥嫙梌偺杊巭偵娭偡傞崙嵺忦栺丂乮僥儘帒嬥嫙梌杊巭忦栺乯

              拹夝 41

ICSID --- Convention On The Settlement Of Investment Disputes Between States And Nationals Of Other States International Centre For Settlement Of Investment Disputes  1965-3-18

              http://www.jus.uio.no/lm/icsid.settlement.of.disputes.between.states.and.nationals.of.other.states.convention.washington.1965/

              崙壠偲懠偺崙壠偺崙柉偲偺娫偺搳帒暣憟偺夝寛偵娭偡傞忦栺(搳帒暣憟夝寛忦栺)

              拹夝 98

ICSPCA --- International Convention on the Suppression and Punishment of the Crime of Apartheid --- 1973-11-30

              http://www.unhchr.ch/html/menu3/b/11.htm

              UNTS, vol.1015, pp.243

              http://www.ohchr.org/english/countries/ratification/7.htm乮斸弝崙側偳乯

           傾僷儖僩僿僀僩嵾偺嬛巭張敱偵娭偡傞崙嵺忦栺

              拹夝 145

INMARSAT Convention --- Convention on the International Maritime Satellite Organization  1976-9-3

http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/other/dfat/treaties/1979/10.html

1976擭崙嵺奀帠塹惎婡娭忦栺(INMARSAT忦栺)

              拹夝 106

Inter-American Convention --- Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and Other Related Materials  1997-11-14

           http://www.oas.org/juridico/English/treaties/a-63.html

           http://www.mipt.org/pdf/conventionagainsttraffickingfirearms.pdf

           UN Doc. A/53/78, annex

           壩婍丄抏栻丄敋栻偍傛傃偦偺懠娭楢暔幙偺晄朄惢憿偍傛傃枾桝傪杊巭偡傞暷廈忦栺

              拹夝 199

Inter-American Convention on Transparency --- Inter-American Convention on Transparency in Conventional Weapons Acquisitions. 1999-6-7

           http://www.oas.org/juridico/English/treaties/a-64.htm

           拹夝 200

International Agreement for the Establishment of University for Peace  1980-12-5

              http://www.upeace.org/about_us/agreement.pdf

              UNTS, vol.1223, pp.87

              暯榓戝妛偺愝棫偵娭偡傞崙嵺嫤掕

              拹夝 168

International Bunker Oil Pollution Convention --- International Convention on Civil Liability for Bunker Oil Pollution Damage, 2001-3-23

              http://www.fog.it/legislaz/londra-2001.htm

              http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/other/dfat/treaties/notinforce/2002/25.html

              僶儞僇乕桘戺愑擟曗彏忦栺

International Convention on Maritime Liens and Mortgages  1993-5-6

              http://r0.unctad.org/ttl/docs-legal/unc-cml/status/Maritime%20Liens%20and%20Mortgages,1993.pdf

              ILM, vol.33, pp.353

              奀忋愭庢摿尃媦傃掞摉尃偵娭偡傞忦栺

              拹夝 185

International Convention against the Recruitment, Use, Financing and Training of Mercenaries  1989-12-4

              http://www.icrc.org/ihl.nsf/FULL/530?OpenDocument

              UN Doc. A/RES.44/34

              梑暫偺曞廤丄巊梡丄帒嬥嫙梌媦傃孭楙傪嬛巭偡傞忦栺

              拹夝 147

International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families  1990-12-18

              http://www.unhchr.ch/html/menu3/b/m_mwctoc.htm

              UN Doc. A/RES.45/158

              偡傋偰偺堏柉楯摥幰媦傃偦偺壠懓峔惉堳偺尃棙偺曐岇偵娭偡傞崙嵺忦栺(堏柉楯摥幰忦栺)

              拹夝 149

International Convention for the Suppression of Counterfeiting Currency with Protocoland Optional Protocol  1929-4-20

              LNTS, vol.112, pp.371

              婾憿捠壿杊巭偺偨傔偺崙嵺忦栺

              拹夝 192

International Convention for the Suppression of Terrorist Bombings  1998-1-12

              http://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/terrorism_convention_terrorist_bombing.html

              http://homepage1.nifty.com/arai_kyo/intlaw/docs/terroristbombing.pdf乮朚栿乯

              僥儘儕僗僩偵傛傞敋抏巊梡偺杊巭偵娭偡傞崙嵺忦栺乮敋抏僥儘杊巭忦栺乯

              拹夝 40

International Convention of 11 October 1933 for the Suppression of the Traffic in Women of Full Age  1933-10-11

              http://www.unhchr.ch/html/menu3/b/33.htm

LNTS, vol.150, pp.431-

惉擭晈彈攧攦嬛巭偺偨傔偺崙嵺忦栺

拹夝 134

Intervention Convention --- International Convention Relating to Intervention on the High Seas in Cases of Oil Pollution Casualties  1969-11-29

              http://www.imo.org/Conventions/mainframe.asp?topic_id=258&doc_id=680

              愇桘墭愼嵭奞帪偵偍偗傞岞奀傊偺姳徛偵娭楢偡傞崙嵺忦栺

IPFC Agreement --- Agreement establishing the Indo-Pacific Fishery Commission  1976-11-5

              http://www.intfish.net/treaties/apfic1977.htm

              僀儞僪懢暯梞嫏嬈埾堳夛偺愝棫偵娭偡傞嫤掕

Istanbul Convention --- Convention on Temporary Admission  1990-6-26

           http://www.wcoomd.org/ie/En/Bookshop/Istanbul%20legal%20text%20-%20E.pdf

Istanbul Protocol --- The Manual on Effective Investigation and Documentation of Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment

              http://www.phrusa.org/research/istanbul_protocol/

              http://www.phrusa.org/research/istanbul_protocol/ist_prot.pdf

崏栤媦傃偦偺懠偺巆媠側丄旕恖摴揑側庒偟偔偼昳埵傪彎偮偗傞庢傝埖偄傑偨偼孻敱偺岠壥揑側挷嵏偲曬崘偵娭偡傞儅僯儏傾儖乿乮僀僗僞儞僽乕儖媍掕彂乯

ITI Convention --- Customs Convention on the International Transit of Goods  1971-6-7

           http://www.wcoomd.org/ie/en/Conventions/PG0106E1.pdf

           壿暔偺崙嵺塣憲偵娭偡傞捠娭忦栺乮俬俿俬忦栺乯

 

= J =

Japan-U.S. Friendship Commerce Navigation Treaty ---Treaty of Friendship, Commerce and Navigation between the United States of America and Japan  1953-4-2

              http://www.ioc.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~worldjpn/documents/texts/JPUS/19530402.T1J.html (朚栿)

              擔暷桭岲捠彜峲奀忦栺丗(惓幃柤徧:擔杮偲傾儊儕僇崌廜崙偲偺娫偺桭岲捠彜峲奀忦栺乺

              拹夝 97

Johannesburg Convention --- International Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Customs matters  2003-6-23

           http://www.wcoomd.org/ie/En/Conventions/MAA%20Legal%20Text%20FINAL%20VERSION_publish%20E.pdf

           http://www.wcoomd.org/ie/en/Conventions/EG0009E1.pdf

 

= K =

Kellogg-Briand Pact --- TREATY PROVIDING FOR THE RENUNCIATION OF WAR AS AN INSTRUMENT OF NATIONAL POLICY  1928-8-27

              http://www.ess.uwe.ac.uk/documents/Kellogg-Briand.htm

              http://www.geocities.co.jp/WallStreet/7009/mg98xl01.htm 乮朚栿乯

              愴憟曻婞僯娭僗儖忦栺(晄愴忦栺僷儕晄愴忦栺丄働儘僢僌丒僽儕儎儞忦栺)

Kyoto Convention --- International Convention on the simplification and harmonization of Customs procedures  1973-5-18

           http://www.unece.org/trade/kyoto/ky-01-e0.htm

           http://www.wcoomd.org/ie/en/Conventions/PG0110E1.pdf

           http://english.customs.go.kr/hp/eng/data_24/simplification.pdf

Kyoto Protocol --- Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, 1997-12-11

UN Doc FCCC/CP/1997/7/Add.1, Dec. 10, 1997; 37 ILM 22 (1998)

http://unfccc.int/essential_background/kyoto_protocol/background/items/1351.php

http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/convkp/kpeng.html

http://www.ioc.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~worldjpn/documents/texts/mt/19971211.T1J.html丂乮朚栿乯

婥岓曄摦偵娭偡傞崙嵺楢崌榞慻忦栺偺嫗搒媍掕彂乮棯徧丗嫗搒媍掕彂乯

              拹夝 53

 

= L =

LDC丂佀丂London Dumping Convention

LDC Protocol --- 1996 Protocol to the Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution
by Dumping of Wastes and other Matter, 1972,  1996-11-7

              http://www.londonconvention.org/documents/lc72/PROTOCOL.pdf

              36 ILM 7

              1972擭偺攑婞暔偦偺懠偺暔偺搳婞偵傛傞奀梞墭愼偺杊巭偵娭偡傞忦栺偵娭偡傞媍掕彂

              拹夝 132

Lisbon Agreement --- Lisbon Agreement for the Protection of Appellations of Origin and their International Registration 1958-10-31

              http://www.wipo.int/lisbon/en/legal_texts/lisbon_agreement.htm

              http://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/registration/lisbon/index.html (斸弝忬嫷傎偐丄娭學忣曬)

LL --- International Convention on Load Lines  1966-4-5

              http://www.iacs.org.uk/interpretations/UILL.pdf

              1966擭偺枮嵹媔悈慄偵娭偡傞崙嵺忦栺(俴俴忦栺)

              拹夝 117

LLMC --- Convention on Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims, 1976-11-19

              http://www.mina.be/uploads/07._llmc_limitation_of_liability_for_maritime_claims.doc

              奀帠嵚尃偵偮偄偰偺愑擟偺惂尷偵娭偡傞忦栺

              拹夝 122

Locarno Agreement --- Locarno Agreement Establishing an International Classification for Industrial Designs  1979-9-28

              http://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/classification/locarno/trtdocs_wo014.html

              http://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/classification/locarno/index.html斸弝忬嫷傎偐丄娭學忣曬

London Dumping Convention --- Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter, 1972-12-29

              http://www.admiraltylawguide.com/conven/dumping1972.html

              攑婞暔偦偺懠偺暔偺搳婞偵傛傞奀梞墭愼偺杊巭偵娭偡傞忦栺(儘儞僪儞忦栺丄儘儞僪儞奀梞搳婞忦栺丄儘儞僪儞僟儞僺儞僌忦栺)

              拹夝 110

LOS 佀丂UNCLOS

LBS Protocol --- Protocol for the Prevention of Mediterranean Sea against Pollution from Land-Based Sources  1980-

              http://www.cep.unep.org/pubs/legislation/lbsmp/final%20protocol/lbsmp_protocol_eng.html

              棨忋婲場墭愼偐傜偺抧拞奀偺曐岇偵娭偡傞媍掕彂乮抧拞奀棨忋婲場墭愼杊巭媍掕彂乯

              拹夝 112

 

= M =

Maastricht Treaty --- Treaty on European Union  1992-2-7

              http://europa.eu.int/en/record/mt/top.html

              墷廈楢崌忦栺(儅乕僗僩儕僸僩忦栺)

MACIRM 佀丂Madrid Agreement

Madrid Agreement --- Madrid Agreement Concerning the International Registration of Marks  1891-4-14 (revised 1979-10-2)

http://www.wipo.int/madrid/en/legal_texts/trtdocs_wo015.html

http://www.jpo.go.jp/shiryou/s_sonota/aippi/madrid/ma/mokuji.htm乮朚栿乯

http://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/registration/madrid/index.html斸弝忬嫷傎偐丄娭學忣曬

昗復偺崙嵺搊榐偵娭偡傞儅僪儕僢僪嫤掕(儅僪儕僢僪嫤掕)

拹夝 67

Madrid Agreement --- Madrid Agreement for the Repression of False or Deceptive Indications of Source on Goods丂丂1891-4-14

              http://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/ip/madrid/trtdocs_wo032.html

              http://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/ShowResults.jsp?lang=en&treaty_id=3 (斸弝忬嫷傎偐丄娭學忣曬)
Madrid Convention --- Multilateral Convention for the Avoidance of Double Taxation of Copyright Royalties and Additional Protocol  1979-12-13

              http://www.unesco.org/culture/laws/doubletax/html_eng/page1.shtml

              挊嶌尃巊梡椏偺擇廳壽惻偺杊巭偵娭偡傞懡悢崙娫忦栺媦傃捛壛媍掕彂

              拹夝 167

Madrid Protocol --- Protocol Relating to the Madrid Agreement Concerning the International Registration of Marks  1989-6-28

              http://www.wipo.int/madrid/en/legal_texts/trtdocs_wo016.html

              http://www.jpo.go.jp/shiryou/s_sonota/aippi/madrid/mp/mokuji.htm乮朚栿乯

              http://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/registration/madrid_protocol/index.html(斸弝忬嫷傎偐丄娭學忣曬)

              昗復偺崙嵺搊榐偵娭偡傞儅僪儕僢僪嫤掕偺1989627擔偵儅僪儕僢僪偱嵦戰偝傟偨媍掕彂乮儅僪儕僢僪媍掕彂乯

MARPOL 73/78 --- International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships丂丂1973-11-02

              12 ILM 1319 (1973); TIAS No. 10,561; 1340 UNTS 184

              http://www.imo.org/Conventions/mainframe.asp?topic_id=255

              http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/entri/texts/pollution.from.ships.1973.html

              儅儖億乕儖忦栺. 儅儖億乕儖73/78忦栺= 1973擭偺慏敃偵傛傞墭愼偺杊巭偺偨傔偺崙嵺忦栺偵娭偡傞1978擭偺媍掕彂(MARPO忦栺

              拹夝 52

MARPOL PROTOCOL 1997 --- Protocol to amend the Maritime Pollution Convention (MARPOL 73/78)  1997-9-26

              http://66.102.7.104/search?q=cache:wMPXHv7NowcJ:www.aph.gov.au/house/committee/jsct/december2003/report/chapter4.pdf+MARPOL%E3%80%801997&hl=ja

              http://www.mofa.go.jp/mofaj/gaiko/treaty/treaty159_21.html乮朚栿乯

              1973擭偺慏敃偵傛傞墭愼偺杊巭偺偨傔偺崙嵺忦栺偵娭偡傞1978擭偺媍掕彂偵傛偭偰廋惓偝傟偨摨忦栺傪夵惓偡傞1997擭偺媍掕彂 乮棯徧 慏敃墭愼杊巭崙嵺忦栺1997擭媍掕彂乯.

MARPOL TreatyMARPOL 73/78

MIGA Convention --- Convention Establishing the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency  1985-10-11

              http://www.miga.org/sitelevel2/level2.cfm?id=1107

              懡悢崙娫搳帒曐徹婡娭傪愝棫偡傞忦栺(MIGA忦栺)

Mine-Ban Convention 佀丂APM (Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on Their Destruction)

Montreal Convention --- Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Civil Aviation.  1971-9-23

              http://www.unodc.org/unodc/terrorism_convention_civil_aviation.html

拹夝 198

Model Tax Convention丂佀 OECD Model Tax Convention

Montreal Convention --- Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules relating to International Carriage by Air 1999-5-28

           http://www.jus.uio.no/lm/air.carriage.unification.convention.montreal.1999/doc

           http://www.iata.org/NR/ContentConnector/CS2000/Siteinterface/sites/whatwedo/cargo/file/Signatories_Sep1703.pdf (斸弝忬嫷傎偐丄娭學忣曬)

Montreal Hijacking Convention --- Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Civil Aviation  1971-09-23

              974 UNTS 177; 24 UST 564; 10 ILM 1151 (1971)

              http://www.unodc.org/unodc/terrorism_convention_civil_aviation.html

              http://untreaty.un.org/English/Terrorism.asp

              柉娫峲嬻偺埨慡偵懳偡傞晄朄側峴堊偺杊巭偵娭偡傞忦栺乮柉娫峲嬻晄朄峴堊杊巭忦栺丂乮儌儞僩儕僆乕儖忦栺乯

              拹夝 28

Montreal Protocol  --- Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer  1987-9-

              http://hq.unep.org/ozone/pdf/Montreal-Protocol2000.pdf

僆僝儞憌傪攋夡偡傞暔幙偵娭偡傞儌儞僩儕僆乕儖媍掕彂(棯徧丗儌儞僩儕僆乕儖媍掕彂)

拹夝 47

Montreal Protocol 1978--- Protocol to Amend the Convention on Damage Caused by Foreign Aircraft to Third Parties on the Surface Signed at Rome on 7 October 199-23

              http://www.luftrecht-online.de/regelwerke/pdf/Montreal%20Protocol%201978.pdf

              http://www.icao.int/icao/en/leb/MtlPr78.pdf (斸弝忬嫷傎偐丄娭學忣曬)

Montreal Protocol No. 4 --- Additional Protocol No. 4 to Amend Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules Relating to International Carriage By Air Signed At Warsaw on 12 October 1929, As Amended By the Protocol Done at the Hague on 28 September 1955,  1975-9-25

              http://www.jus.uio.no/lm/air.carriage.warsaw.convention.montreal.protocol.4.1975/doc

              http://www.icao.int/icao/en/leb/mp4.pdf (斸弝忬嫷傎偐丄娭學忣曬)

Moon Treaty --- Agreement Governing the Activities of States on the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies  1979-12-5

              http://www.oosa.unvienna.org/Reports/moonE.pdf

              UNTS, vol.1363, pp.3  ILM, vol.18, pp.1434

              寧偦偺懠偺揤懱偵偍偗傞崙壠妶摦傪棩偡傞嫤掕(寧嫤掕)

              拹夝 186

 

= N =

Nairobi Convention --- International Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance for the prevention, investigation and repression of Customs offences  1977-6-9

              http://www.wcoomd.org/ie/en/Conventions/EG0008E1.pdf

              惻娭斊嵾偺杊巭丄挷嵏媦傃梷巭偺偨傔偺憡屳峴惌墖彆偵娭偡傞崙嵺忦栺

Nairobi Treaty --- Nairobi Treaty on the Protection of the Olympic Symbol  1981-9-26

              http://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/ip/nairobi/trtdocs_wo018.html

              http://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/ShowResults.jsp?lang=en&treaty_id=22 (斸弝忬嫷傎偐丄娭學忣曬)

NATO Treaty --- North Atlantic Treaty -1949-4-4

              http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/nato.htm

              杒戝惣梞忦栺

New York Convention --- Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards  1958-06-10

              330 UNTS 38; 21 UST 2517; 7 ILM 1046 (1968)

              http://www.uncitral.org/pdf/english/texts/arbitration/NY-conv/XXII_1_e.pdf

              拹夝 2

Nice Agreement ---Nice Agreement Concerning the International Classification of Goods and Services for the Purposes of the Registration of Marks  1957-6-15

              http://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/classification/nice/trtdocs_wo019.html

              http://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/classification/nice/index.html(斸弝忬嫷傎偐丄娭學忣曬)

Nikkan Kihon Jōyaku 佀丂Treaty on Basic Relations Between Japan and the Republic of Korea  1965-6-22

NPT Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons)  1970-3-5(敪岠)

              http://www.jnc.go.jp/kaihatu/hukaku/database/5/1/1-j.html丂乮朚栿乯

              http://www.iaea.org/Publications/Documents/Infcircs/Others/infcirc140.pdf

              妀暫婍偺晄奼嶶偵娭偡傞忦栺乮妀暫婍晄奼嶶忦栺丄棯徧丗妀晄奼嶶忦栺乯

              拹夝80

Nairobi Protocol --- Protocol to the Agreement on the Importation of Educational, Scientific and Cultural Materials  1976-11-26

              http://www.unesco.org/culture/laws/florence/html_eng/page4.shtml

              UNTS, vol.1259, pp.3

              嫵堢揑丄壢妛揑媦傃暥壔揑帒嵽偺桝擖偵娭偡傞嫤掕偺媍掕彂乮僫僀儘價媍掕彂乯

              拹夝 164

NUCLEAR --- Convention relating to Civil Liability in the Field of Maritime Carriage of Nuclear Materials.  1971-12-17

http://www.admiraltylawguide.com/conven/carriagenuclear1971.html

Command Papers, Cmnd 5094

妀暔幙偺奀忋塣憲偺暘栰偵偍偗傞柉帠愑擟偵娭偡傞忦栺(僽儔僢僙儖妀暔幙奀忋塣憲忦栺)

Nuclear Safety Convention--- Convention on Nuclear Safety  1994-06-17

              1963 UNTS 293; S. Treaty Doc. No. 104-6 (1995); 33 ILM 1514 (1994)

              http://www.iaea.org/Publications/Documents/Infcircs/Others/inf449.shtml

              http://www.iaea.org/Publications/Documents/Conventions/nukesafety.html

              尨巕椡偺埨慡偵娭偡傞忦栺([崙嵺]尨巕椡埨慡忦栺)

              拹夝 51

 

= O =

OECD --- Convention on the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development  1960-12-14

              http://oecdmoscow.9.com1.ru/engweb/convention_oecd.htm

              http://www.ioc.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~worldjpn/documents/texts/mt/19601214.T1J.html乮朚栿乯

              宱嵪嫤椡奐敪婡峔忦栺 OECD忦栺乯

OECD Model Tax Convention --- Model Tax Convention on Income and on Capital  2000-4-29

              http://www.fifoost.org/allgemein/divers/oecd_tax_2003/index.php

                            強摼偲嵿嶻偵懳偡傞儌僨儖慸惻忦栺乿(捠徧OECD儌僨儖忦栺)

OILPOL --- International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution of the Sea by Oil , 1954-5-12

              http://www.admiraltylawguide.com/conven/oilpol1954.html

              桘偵傛傞奀悈偺墭戺偺杊巭偺偨傔偺崙嵺忦栺

Open Skies 佀丂Treaty on Open Skies

OPRC 90丂佀丂OPRC Convention

OPRC Convention --- International Convention on Oil Pollution PreparednessResponse and Cooperation  1990-11-30

              http://www.imo.org/Conventions/mainframe.asp?topic_id=258&doc_id=682

桘偵傛傞墭愼偵娭傢傞弨旛丄懳墳媦傃嫤椡偵娭偡傞崙嵺忦栺

拹夝109

OPRC-HNS Protocol --- The Protocol on Preparedness, Response and Co-operation to pollution Incidents by Hazardous and Noxious Substances, 2000,  2000-3-15

              http://www.fog.it/legislaz/londra-2000.htm

              婋尟暔幙媦傃桳奞暔幙偵傛傞墭愼帠審偵學傞弨旛丄懳墳媦傃嫤椡偵娭偡傞媍掕彂乮OPRCHNS媍掕彂乯

Optical Protocol to CEAFDAW --- Optical Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women  1999-10-6

              UN Doc. A/RES/54/4

              彈巕嵎暿揚攑忦栺偺慖戰媍掕彂

              拹夝 150

Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography   2000-5-25

              http://www.unicef.org/crc/annex2.htm

              UN Doc. A/RES/54/263

              巕偳傕偺攧攦丄巕偳傕攧攦弔偍傛傃巕偳傕億儖僲僌儔僼傿乕偵娭偡傞巕偳傕偺尃棙忦栺偺慖戰媍掕彂

              拹夝 151

Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict  2000-5-25

              http://www.unhchr.ch/html/menu2/6/protocolchild.htm

              UN Doc. A/RES/54/263

              晲椡暣憟傊偺巕偳傕偺娭梌偵娭偡傞巕偳傕偺尃棙忦栺偺慖戰媍掕彂

              拹夝 153

Optional Protocol to the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations concerning Acquisition of Nationality  1963-4-24

              http://www.ukrchicago.com/laws/viennconv.html

              UNTS, vol.596, pp.469

              椞帠娭學偵娭偡傞僂傿乕儞忦栺偺丄崙愋偺庢摼偵娭偡傞慖戰媍掕彂

              拹夝 156

Optional Protocol to the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations concerning Acquisition of Nationality  1961-4-18

              http://www.un.org/law/ilc/texts/dipprona.htm

              UNTS, vol.500, pp.223

              奜岎娭學偵娭偡傞僂傿乕儞忦栺偺丄崙愋偺庢摼偵娭偡傞慖戰媍掕彂

              拹夝 155

OSPAR Convention --- Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atla  (1998-3-2敪岠)

              http://www.offshore-environment.com/ospar.html

僆僗僷乕儖忦栺乮僆僗儘丒僷儕忦栺偲傕尵偆乯

拹夝 129

Outer Space Treaty --- Treaty on principles governning the activities and states in the exploration and use of outer space, including moon and other celestial bodies  1966-12-19 (19671010擔敪岠)

              http://disarmament.un.org/TreatyStatus.nsf

              http://list.room.ne.jp/~lawtext/1967T019.html 乮朚栿乯

              塅拡忦栺(寧偦偺懠偺揤懱傪娷傓塅拡嬻娫偺扵嵏媦傃棙梡偵偍偗傞崙壠妶摦傪棩偡傞尨懃偵娭偡傞忦栺)

              拹夝 202

= P =

Packings Convention ---Customs Convention on the temporary importation of packings  1960-10-6

              http://english.customs.go.kr/hp/eng/data_24/packings.pdf

PAL --- Athens Convention relating to the Carriage of Passengers and their Luggage by Sea, 1974-12-13

              http://www.admiraltylawguide.com/conven/passengers1974.html

              忔媞媦傃偦偺庤壸暔偺奀忋塣斃偵娭偡傞傾僥僱忦栺

              拹夝 121

Pallets"Convention --- European Convention on Customs treatment of pallets used in international transport  1960-12-9

              http://www.unece.org/trans/conventn/pallette.pdf

Paris Agreement --- Multilateral Agreement on Commercial Rightsof Non-Scheduled Air Services in Europe  1956-4-19

              http://www.iasl.mcgill.ca/airlaw/cstatus/hungary.pdf (斸弝忬嫷傎偐丄娭學忣曬)

Paris Agreement --- Multilateral Agreement relating to Certificates of Airworthiness for Imported
Aircraft  1960-4-22

              http://www.icao.int/icao/en/leb/EURairworth60.pdf(斸弝忬嫷傎偐丄娭學忣曬)

             

Paris Convention --- Convention for the Prevention of Marine Pollution from Land-Based Sources  1974-06-04

              1546 UNTS 119; 13 ILM 352 (1974); UKTS 1978, No. 64

              http://www.opcw.org/html/db/cwc/more/marine1974.html

              拹夝 46

Paris Convention --- Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property  1883-03-20

              21 U.S.T. 1583; 828 U.N.T.S. 303 (revised at Stockholm on July 14, 1967)

              http://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/ip/paris/pdf/trtdocs_wo020.pdf

              http://www.jpo.go.jp/shiryou/s_sonota/aippi/paris/pc/mokuji.htm乮朚栿乯

              http://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/ShowResults.jsp?lang=en&treaty_id=2丂乮斸弝忬嫷傎偐丄娭學忣曬乯

              岺嬈強桳尃偺曐岇偵娭偡傞僷儕忦栺乮僷儕忦栺乯

              拹夝 58

Paris Multilateral Agreement--- International Agreement on the Procedure for the Establishment of Tariffs for Scheduled Air Services  1967-10-7

              http://www.icao.int/icao/en/leb/EURtariffs67.pdf (斸弝忬嫷傎偐丄娭學忣曬)

Paris Tariffs Agreement  ---- International Agreement on the Procedure for the Establishment of Tariffs for Intra-European Scheduled Air Services  1987-6-16

              http://www.icao.int/icao/en/leb/EUR-tar.pdf (斸弝忬嫷傎偐丄娭學忣曬)

PCT --- Patent Cooperation Treaty  1970-6-19

28 U.S.T. 7645; 1160 U.N.T.S. 231; 9 I.L.M. 978 (1970)

http://www.wipo.int/pct/en/texts/articles/atoc.htm

              http://www.wipo.int/pct/en/texts/pdf/pct.pdf

              http://www.jpo.go.jp/shiryou/s_sonota/aippi/pa_co/pct/mokuji.htm乮朚栿乯

              http://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/registration/pct/index.html(斸弝忬嫷傎偐丄娭學忣曬)

              摿嫋嫤椡忦栺

              拹夝 59

Pedagogic Material" Convention --- Customs Convention on the temporary importation of pedagogic material  1970-6-8

              http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/other/dfat/treaties/1971/14.html

PIC --- The Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade  1998-9-11

http://www.pic.int/en/ViewPage.asp?id=104

http://www.pic.int/en/ViewPage.asp?id=104#Preamble

ILM, 38, pp.1

拹夝 190

儘僢僥儖僟儉忦栺乮PIC乯乮崙嵺杅堈偺懳徾偲側傞摿掕偺桳奞側壔妛暔幙媦傃嬱彍嵻偵偮偄偰偺帠慜偺偐偮忣曬偵婎偯偔摨堄偺庤懕偵娭偡傞儘僢僥儖僟儉忦栺

拹夝 72

PLT --- Patent Law Treaty  2000-6-1

              http://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/ip/plt/trtdocs_wo038.html

              http://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/ShowResults.jsp?lang=en&treaty_id=4 (斸弝忬嫷傎偐丄娭學忣曬)

摿嫋朄忦栺

拹夝 62

POPs丂佀丂Stockholm Convention -

PP --- Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material1979-10-26

http://www.unodc.org/unodc/terrorism_convention_nuclear_material.html

妀暔幙偺杊岇偵娭偡傞忦栺乮妀暔幙杊岇忦栺丄俹俹忦栺

拹夝 35

Phonograms Convention --- Convention for the Protection of Producers of Phonograms against Unauthorized Duplication of their Phonograms  1971-10-29

              http://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/ip/phonograms/trtdocs_wo023.html

              http://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/ShowResults.jsp?lang=en&treaty_id=18 (斸弝忬嫷傎偐丄娭學忣曬)

Professional Equipment Convention --- Customs Convention on the temporary importation of professional equipment 1961-6-8

           http://english.customs.go.kr/hp/eng/data_24/proequip.pdf

Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts (Protocol 1)丂丂1977-6-8

           1125 U.N.T.S. 3

              http://www.unhchr.ch/html/menu3/b/93.htm

              http://homepage1.nifty.com/arai_kyo/intlaw/docs/ap1.htm乮朚栿乯

              僕儏僱乕償戞係忦栺, 1949812擔偺僕儏僱乕償彅忦栺偵捛壛偝傟傞崙嵺晲椡暣憟偺媇惖幰偺曐岇偵娭偡傞媍掕彂

              拹夝 42

Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the Protection of Victims of Non-International Armed Conflicts (Protocol 2) 1977-6-8

              1125 U.N.T.S. 609 ; 26 I.L.M. 568 (1987);  S. Treaty Doc. No. 100-2 (1987)

              http://www.unhchr.ch/html/menu3/b/94.htm

              http://homepage1.nifty.com/arai_kyo/intlaw/docs/ap2.htm乮朚栿乯

              1949812擔偺偺僕儏僱乕償彅忦栺偺旕崙嵺揑側晲椡暣憟偺媇惖幰偺曐岇偵娭偡傞捛壛媍掕彂乮媍掕彂嘦乯

              拹夝 43

Protocol to amend the Convention for the Suppressions of the Circulation of, and Traffic in, Obscene Publications  1947-11-12

              UNTS, vol.46, pp.169

              辔弼姧峴暔偺棳晍媦傃庢堷偺嬛巭偺偨傔偺崙嵺忦栺傪夵惓偡傞媍掕彂

              拹夝 159

Protocol amending the Agreement for the Suppression of the Circulation of Obscene Publications  1949-5-4

              UNTS, vol.30, pp.3

              辔弼姧峴暔偺棳晍偺嬛巭偺偨傔偺嫤掕傪夵惓偡傞媍掕彂

              拹夝 161

Protocol to amend the Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Women and Children and the Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Women of Full Age  1947-11-12

           http://www.un.org/Depts/Treaty/final/ts2/newfiles/part_boo/vii_boo/vii_1.html

              UNTS, vol.53, pp.13-

              晈恖帣摱丄惉擭晈彈攧攦嬛巭忦栺夵惓媍掕彂

              拹夝 135

Protocol amending the International Agreement for the Suppression of the White Slave Traffic and International Convention for the Suppression of White Slave Traffic  1949-5-4

              UNTS vol.30, pp.23-

              廥嬈傪峴傢偣傞偨傔偺晈彈攧攦庢掲偵娭偡傞崙嵺嫤掕媦傃廥嬈傪峴傢偣傞偨傔偺晈彈攧攦嬛巭偵娭偡傞崙嵺忦栺傪夵惓偡傞媍掕彂

              拹夝 133

Protocol amending the Slavery Convention --- 1926-9-25

              http://law-ref.org/SLAVERY-PROTOCOL/contents.html

              UNTS, vol.182, pp.51-

              1926擭搝楆忦栺偺夵惓媍掕彂

              拹夝 136

Protocol to the Convention concerning facilities for touring ---Additional Protocol to the Convention concerning Customs facilities for touring, relating to the importation of tourist publicity documents and material 1954-6-4

           http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/other/dfat/treaties/1967/1.html

Protocol to the Convention on International Interests in Mobile Equipment on Matters specific to Aircraft Equipment (Cape Town, 2001)

              http://www.unidroit.org/english/conventions/mobile-equipment/aircraftprotocol.pdf

              http://www.unidroit.org/english/implement/i-2001-aircraftprotocol.pdf (斸弝忣曬側偳)

Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty  1991-10-4

              http://www.antarctica.ac.uk/About_Antarctica/Treaty/protocol.html

              娐嫬曐岇偵娭偡傞撿嬌忦栺媍掕彂乮撿嬌忦栺媍掕彂 儅僪儕僢僩媍掕彂乯

              拹夝 99

Protocol to the Florence Agreement --- Protocol to the Agreement on the importation of educational, scientific and cultural materials 1976-11-26

              http://www.unesco.org/culture/laws/florence/html_eng/page4.shtml

Protocol for the Prohibition of the Use in War of Asphyxiating, Poisonous or Other Gases, and of Bacteriological Methods of Warfare --- 1925-6-17

              http://www.nti.org/e_research/official_docs/inventory/pdfs/geneva.pdf

              http://www.icrc.org/ihl.nsf/FULL/280?OpenDocument

              1925擭僕儏僱乕僽媍掕彂

              拹夝 73

Protocol relating to a Certain Case of Statelessness  1930-4-12

              LNTS, vol.179, pp.115

              柍崙愋偺偁傞応崌偵娭偡傞媍掕彂

              拹夝 194

Protocol relating to Military Obligations in Certain Cases of Double Nationality   1930-4-12

              http://www.geocities.co.jp/SilkRoad-Forest/4037/un/hague-military-obligation.htm

              LNTS, vol.178, pp.227

              擇廳崙愋偺偁傞応崌偵偍偗傞孯帠揑媊柋偵娭偡傞媍掕彂

              拹夝 195

Protocol on Space Requirements for Special Trade Passenger Ships --- 1973-7-13丂丂

              http://www.imo.org/Conventions/contents.asp?topic_id=257&doc_id=672

              摿庩彜嬈媞慏嫤掕媍掕彂

Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts of Violence at Airports Serving International Civil Aviation, supplementary to the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Civil Aviation1971-9-23

              1971923擔偵儌儞僩儕僆乕儖偱嶌惉偝傟偨柉娫峲嬻偺埨慡偵懳偡傞晄朄側峴堊偺杊巭偵娭偡傞忦栺傪曗懌偡傞崙嵺柉娫峲嬻偵巊梡偝傟傞嬻峘偵偍偗傞晄朄側朶椡峴堊偺杊巭偵娭偡傞媍掕彂乮嬻峘晄朄峴堊杊巭媍掕彂乯

              拹夝 36

Protocol Relating to MACIRM --- Protocol Relating to the Madrid Agreement Concerning the International Registration of Marks – 1989-6-28

http://www.wipo.int/madrid/en/legal_texts/trtdocs_wo016.html

昗復偺崙嵺搊榐偵娭偡傞儅僪儕僢僪嫤掕偺1989627擔偵儅僪儕僢僪偱嵦戰偝傟偨媍掕彂

拹夝 68

PTBT --- Partial Test Ban Treaty (TREATY BANNING NUCLEAR WEAPON TESTS IN THE ATMOSPHERE, IN OUTER SPACE AND

UNDER WATER )  1963-8-5

              http://cns.miis.edu/pubs/inven/pdfs/atosuw.pdf

              http://www.ne.jp/asahi/nozaki/peace/data/kaku_ptbt_all.html(朚栿)

              http://mext-atm.jst.go.jp/atomica/13040112_1.html(朚栿)

戝婥寳撪丄塅拡嬻娫媦傃悈拞偵偍偗傞妀暫婍幚尡傪嬛巭偡傞忦栺(捠徧丗晹暘揑妀幚尡嬛巭忦栺乯

拹夝 81

 

= R =

Ramsar Convention on Wetlands --- Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterfowl Habitat1971-2-2

              996 UNTS 245; TIAS 11084; 11 ILM 963 (1972)

              http://www.ramsar.org/index_very_key_docs.htm

              http://law-ref.org/RAMSAR/

              http://www.biodic.go.jp/biolaw/law_f.html丂乮朚栿乯

              儔儉僒乕儖忦栺乮摿偵悈捁偺惗懅抧偲偟偰崙嵺揑偵廳梫側幖抧偵娭偡傞忦栺乯

              拹夝 71

Refugee Convention --- Convention relating to the Status of Refugees丂丂1951-07-28

              189 UNTS 150

              http://www.ohchr.org/english/law/refugees.htm

              http://www.ioc.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~worldjpn/documents/texts/mt/19510728.T1J.html(朚栿)

              擄柉偺抧埵偵娭偡傞忦栺 (棯徧丗擄柉忦栺)

              拹夝 20

(PROTOCOL RELATING TO) the Refugee Convention --- Convention relating to the Status of Refugees1967-1-31

              http://www.ioc.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~worldjpn/documents/texts/mt/19670131.T1E.html

              http://www.ioc.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~worldjpn/documents/texts/mt/19670131.T1J.html(朚栿)

              擄柉偺抧埵偵娭偡傞媍掕彂乮擄柉媍掕彂乯

Revised General Act for the Pacific Settlement of International Disputes  1949-4-28

              UNTS, vol.71, pp.101

              崙嵺揑暣憟偺暯榓揑張棟偵娭偡傞堦斒媍掕彂

              拹夝 154

RIO Treaty --- Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance  1947-9-2

              http://www.oas.org/juridico/english/Treaties/b-29.html

              暷廈憡屳墖彆忦栺(捠徧丗儕僆忦栺).暷廈憡屳杊塹忦栺乿偲傕偄偆)

              拹夝 95

Rome Convention 1952 --- CONVENTION ON DAMAGE CAUSED BY FOREIGNAIRCRAFT TO THIRD PARTES ON THE SURFACE  1952-10-7

              http://www.iasl.mcgill.ca/airlaw/private/other/rome1952.pdf

              http://www.icao.int/icao/en/leb/rome1952.pdf (斸弝忬嫷傎偐丄娭學忣曬)

Rome Convention --- International Convention for the Protection of Performers, Producers of Phonograms and Broadcasting Organizations  1961-10-26

              http://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/ip/rome/trtdocs_wo024.html

              http://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/ShowResults.jsp?lang=en&treaty_id=17(斸弝忬嫷傎偐丄娭學忣曬)

Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court  1998-07-17

              UN Doc. A/CONF. 183/9; 37 ILM 1002 (1998); 2187 UNTS 90

              http://www.un.org/law/icc/statute/english/rome_statute(e).pdf

              http://www.un.org/law/icc/statute/romefra.htm

              http://www.icc-cpi.int/library/about/officialjournal/Rome_Statute_120704-EN.pdf

              崙嵺孻帠嵸敾強偵娭偡傞儘乕儅婯掱

              拹夝 44

Rotterdam Convention PIC

 

= S =

SAARC --- CHARTER OF THE SOUTH ASIAN ASSOCIATION FOR REGIONAL COOPERATION  1985-12-8

              http://www.ioc.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~worldjpn/documents/texts/mt/19851208.O1E.html

              http://www.ioc.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~worldjpn/documents/texts/mt/19851208.O1J.html (朚栿)

              撿傾僕傾抧堟嫤椡楢崌乮俽俙俙俼俠乯寷復

SALVAGE --- International Convention on Salvage , 1989-4-28

              http://www.jus.uio.no/lm/imo.salvage.convention.1989/doc.html

              奀擄媬彆偵娭偡傞崙嵺忦栺(崙嵺僒儖儀乕僕忦栺)

              拹夝 124

SAR --- International Convention on Maritime Search and Rescue , 1979

              http://www.admiraltylawguide.com/conven/searchrescue1979.html

              奀忋偵偍偗傞憑嶕媦傃媬彆偵娭偡傞崙嵺忦栺

              拹夝 121

SEABED Treaty --- Treaty on the Prohibition of the Emplacement of Nuclear Weapons and Other Weapons of Mass Destruction on the Seabed and Ocean Floor and in the Subsoil Thereof  1971-2-11

              http://www.nti.org/e_research/official_docs/inventory/pdfs/.%5Captseabd.pdf

              妀暫婍媦傃懠偺戝検攋夡暫婍偺奀掙偵偍偗傞愝抲偺嬛巭偵娭偡傞忦栺乮奀掙孯帠棙梡嬛巭忦栺乯

拹夝 203

Seafarers Convention --- Customs Convention Concerning Welfare Material for Seafarers  1964-12-1

              http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/other/dfat/treaties/1967/4.html

              UNTS, vol. 550 p. 133;

SEANWFZ --- South-East Asian Nuclear Weapon-Free Zone  1995-12-5

              http://www.nti.org/e_research/official_docs/inventory/pdfs/seanwfz.pdf

              搶撿傾僕傾旕妀暫婍抧懷忦栺

Second Optional Protocol to ICCPR --- Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, aimed at the Abolition of the Death Penalty  1989-12-15

              UN Doc. A/RES/44/128;  ILM, vol.29 p.1464

              巰孻偺攑巭傪栚巜偡丄巗柉揑媦傃惌帯揑尃棙偵娭偡傞崙嵺婯栺偺戞擇慖戰媍掕彂(巰孻攑巭媍掕彂)

拹夝 148

Scientific Equipment Convention --- Customs Convention on the temporary importation of scientific equipment  1968-6-11

           http://www.wcoomd.org/ie/En/Conventions/SG0110E1.pdf

SFV --- The Torremolinos International Convention for the Safety of Fishing Vessels (SFV), 1977

              http://www.oceanlaw.net/texts/torremolinos.htm

              977擭偺嫏慏埨慡偵娭偡傞僩儗儌儕僲僗崙嵺忦栺

Slavery Convention of 1926 --- Slavery, Servitude, Forced Labour and Similar Institutions and Practices Convention of 1926 1926-9-25

              http://www.unhchr.ch/html/menu3/b/f2sc.htm

              http://www1.umn.edu/humanrts/instree/f1sc.htm

              LNTS, vol.60, pp.85-

              搝楆忦栺

              拹夝 137

SOLAS --- International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea  1974-11-1

           http://www.imo.org/Conventions/contents.asp?topic_id=257&doc_id=647

           奀忋恖柦埨慡忦栺乮俽俷俴俙俽忦栺乯

              拹夝 107

Special Protocol concerning Statelessness  1930-4-13

              Command Papers, Cmnd 5447

              柍崙愋偵娭偡傞摿暿媍掕彂

              拹夝 193

SPS Agreement --- WTO Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures 1994-04-15

              1867 UNTS 493  拹夝 12

              http://www.wto.org/english/docs_e/legal_e/legal_e.htm#sanitary

              専塽慬抲偺揔梡偵娭偡傞嫤掕 (捠徧: SPS 嫤掕

              http://www.env.go.jp/council/13wild/y133-02/ref03.pdf

              拹夝 20

START I , START II-- Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty

           http://atm.tokyo.jst.go.jp/atomica/13040108_1.html 乮朚栿乯

           http://www.fas.org/nuke/control/start1/text/index.html (START-1)

           http://www.fas.org/nuke/control/start2/text/index.html (START-2)

愴棯暫婍嶍尭忦栺(戞侾師愴棯暫婍嶍尭忦栺, 2師愴棯暫婍嶍尭忦栺)

              拹夝 92

STCW --- International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers, 1978-7-7

              http://www.admiraltylawguide.com/conven/stcw1978.html

              1978擭偺慏堳偺孭楙媦傃帒奿徹柧暲傃偵摉捈偺婎弨偵娭偡傞崙嵺忦栺(俽俿俠倂忦栺

              拹夝 120

Stockholm Convention --- Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants  2001-05-22

              40 ILM 532 (2001)

              http://www.pops.int/default.htm

              巆棷惈桳婡墭愼暔幙偵娭偡傞僗僩僢僋儂儖儉忦栺乮棯徧丗僗僩僢僋儂儖儉忦栺丄俹俷俹s忦栺乯

              拹夝 54

STP --- Special Trade Passenger Ships Agreement, 1971-10-6

                   http://www.legislation.gov.hk/doc/multi_914.pdf

                   摿庩彜嬈媞慏嫤掕

         Command Papers, Cmnd 7761

              拹夝 117

Straddling Stocks Agreement --- Agreement for the Implementation of the Provision of the United Nations Convention on the Law of 10 December 1982 relating to the Conservation and Management of Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks  1995-8-4

              http://www.un.org/Depts/los/convention_agreements/convention_overview_fish_stocks.htm

              ILM, vol.34, pp.1542

              僗僩儔僪儕儞僌嫑椶帒尮媦傃夞梀惈嫑椶帒尮偺曐懚媦傃娗棟偵娭偡傞崙楢奀梞朄忦栺偺婯掕偺夝庍偺偨傔偺嫤掕

              拹夝 187

Strasbourg Agreement ---  Strasbourg Agreement Concerning the International Patent Classification 1971-3-24
              http://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/classification/strasbourg/trtdocs_wo026.html

              http://www.jpo.go.jp/shiryou/s_sonota/aippi/strasbourg/sa/mokuji.htm乮朚栿乯

              http://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/classification/strasbourg/index.html(斸弝忬嫷傎偐丄娭學忣曬)

              崙嵺摿嫋暘椶偵娭偡傞僗僩儔僗僽乕儖嫤掕

              拹夝 65

SUA --- Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Maritime Navigation  1988-3-10

              http://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/terrorism_convention_maritime_navigation.html

              http://www.imo.org/Conventions/mainframe.asp?topic_id=259&doc_id=686

              http://homepage1.nifty.com/arai_kyo/intlaw/docs/seajack.htm乮朚栿乯

              奀梞峲峴偺埨慡偵懳偡傞晄朄側峴堊偺杊巭偵娭偡傞忦栺丂乮奀梞峲峴晄朄峴堊杊巭忦栺乯

拹夝37

SUAPROT --- Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Fixed Platforms Located on the Continental Shelf  1988-3-10

              http://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/terrorism_convention_platforms.html

http://www.imo.org/Conventions/mainframe.asp?topic_id=259&doc_id=686

              戝棨扞偵強嵼偡傞屌掕僾儔僢僩僼僅乕儉偺埨慡偵懳偡傞晄朄側峴堊偺杊巭偵娭偡傞媍掕彂乮戝棨扞僾儔僢僩僼僅乕儉晄朄峴堊杊巭媍掕彂乯

              拹夝38

Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery, the Slavery Trade, and Institutions and Practices Similar to Slavery --- 1957-4-30

              http://www1.umn.edu/humanrts/instree/f3scas.htm

              UNTS, vol.266, pp.3

              搝楆惂搙丄搝楆庢堷暲傃偵搝楆惂搙椶帡偺惂搙媦傃姷峴偺攑巭偵娭偡傞曗懌忦栺

              拹夝 139

 

= T =

TBT --- Technical Barriers to Trade

              http://www.dti.gov.uk/ewt/tbt.doc

              http://www.dti.gov.uk/ewt/tbt.pdf

              杅堈偺媄弍揑忈奞偵娭偡傞嫤掕乮WTO/TBT嫤掕乯

              拹夝 87

TIR Convention --- Customs Convention on the International Transport of Goods under Cover of TIR Carnets  1975-11-14

              http://www.unece.org/trans/bcf/tir/handbook/english/newtirhand/TIR-6Rev1EN_Convention.pdf

              UNTS , vol.1079, pp.89

              崙嵺摴楬塣憲庤懕偒偵傛傞扴曐偺壓偱峴偆壿暔偺崙嵺塣憲偵娭偡傞捠娭忦栺(俿俬俼忦栺)

              拹夝 180

TLT --- Trademark Law Treaty  1994-10-27

              http://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/ip/tlt/trtdocs_wo027.html

              http://www.jpo.go.jp/shiryou/s_sonota/aippi/tlt/tlt/mokuji.htm丂乮朚栿乯

              http://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/ShowResults.jsp?lang=en&treaty_id=5(斸弝忬嫷傎偐丄娭學忣曬)

              彜昗朄忦栺

Tokyo Convention --- Convention on Offenses and Certain Other Acts Committed on Board Aircraft  1963-9-14

              http://www.unodc.org/unodc/terrorism_convention_aircraft.html

              http://cns.miis.edu/pubs/inven/pdfs/airterr.pdf

              峲嬻婡撪偱峴傢傟偨斊嵾偦偺懠偁傞庬偺峴堊偵娭偡傞忦栺乮峲嬻婡撪偺斊嵾杊巭忦栺丂乮搶嫗忦栺乯

              拹夝 32

TONNAGE --- International Convention on Tonnage Measurement of Ships , 1969-6-23

              http://www.admiraltylawguide.com/conven/tonnage1969.html

              慏敃偺僩儞悢應搙偵娭偡傞崙嵺忦栺

              拹夝 123

Torture Convention --- Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment  1984-12-10

              GA res. 39/46, annex, 39 UN GAOR Supp. (No. 51) at 197, UN Doc. A/39/51 (1984); 1465 UNTS 85

              http://www.ohchr.org/english/law/pdf/cat.pdf

              http://www.ohchr.org/english/law/cat.htm

              http://homepage1.nifty.com/arai_kyo/intlaw/docs/goumon.htm乮朚栿乯

              崏栤媦傃懠偺巆媠側丄旕恖摴揑側枖偼昳埵傪彎偮偗傞庢埖偄 枖偼孻敱偵娭偡傞忦栺.乮崏栤摍嬛巭忦栺乯

              斸弝忬嫷傎偐丄娭學忣曬側偳佀丂http://www.mofa.go.jp/mofaj/gaiko/gomon/ichiran.html

              拹夝 15

Transit Agreement --- International Air Services. Transit Agreement  1944-12-7

              http://www.iasl.mcgill.ca/airlaw/public/chicago/chicago1944b.pdf

              http://www.icao.int/icao/en/leb/transit.pdf (斸弝忬嫷傎偐丄娭學忣曬)

Transport Agreement --- International Air Transport. Agreement  1944-12-7

              http://www.iasl.mcgill.ca/airlaw/public/chicago/chicago1944c.pdf

              http://www.icao.int/icao/en/leb/Transport.pdf (斸弝忬嫷傎偐丄娭學忣曬)

Treaty on Basic Relations Between Japan and the Republic of Korea  1965-6-22

              http://list.room.ne.jp/~lawtext/1965T025.html乮朚栿乯

              http://www.ioc.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~worldjpn/documents/texts/docs/19650622.T1E.html丂乮塸栿乯

擔杮崙偲戝娯柉崙偲偺娫偺婎杮娭學偵娭偡傞忦栺乮擔娯婎杮娭學忦栺乯

Treaty on Extradition between Japan and the United States of America  1978-3-3

              http://www3.tky.3web.ne.jp/~sper/2ND/t7.html (嶲峫暥專)

              擔杮崙偲傾儊儕僇崌廜崙偲偺娫偺斊嵾恖堷搉偟偵娭偡傞忦栺 (擔暷斊嵾恖堷搉忦栺)

Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security --- Treaty of mutual cooperation and security between Japan and the United States of America  1960-1-19

              http://www.mofa.go.jp/region/n-america/us/q&a/ref/1.html

              http://www.jca.apc.org/omoiyari/treaties_law/TMCS_E.html

              http://www.jca.apc.org/omoiyari/treaties_law/ampo.html (朚栿)

              擔杮崙偲傾儊儕僇崌廜崙偲偺娫偺憡屳嫤椡媦傃埨慡曐忈忦栺(擔暷埨慡曐忈忦栺)

Treaty on Open Skies  1992-3-24

              http://www.state.gov/www/global/arms/treaties/openski1.html

              http://www.iijnet.or.jp/JIIA-CPDNP/pdf/kaku/openskies.pdf

              墷廈僆乕僾儞僗僇僀(嬻拞嵏嶡)忦栺

              拹夝 201

Treaty of Peace and Friendship between Japan and the People's Republic of China  1978-8-12

              http://www.mofa.go.jp/mofaj/area/china/nc_heiwa.html

              http://www.mofa.go.jp/region/asia-paci/china/treaty78.html(塸栿)

              擔杮崙偲拞壺恖柉嫟榓崙偲偺娫偺暯榓桭岲忦栺(擔拞暯榓桭岲忦栺)

              拹夝 101

Treaty of Pelindaba--- Treaty on the. African Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone  1996-4-11

              http://www.opanal.org/NWFZ/Pelindaba/pelindaba.htm

              http://www.state.gov/t/ac/trt/4699.htm

              傾僼儕僇旕妀暫婍抧懷忦栺乮儁儕儞僟僶忦栺乯

              拹夝 82

Treaty of Rarotonga --- South Pacific Nuclear Free Zone Treaty  1985-8-6

              http://www.opanal.org/NWFZ/Rarotonga/rarotonga.htm

              http://mext-atm.jst.go.jp/atomica/13040107_1.html 乮朚栿乯

              儔儘僩儞僈忦栺乮惓幃柤徧丗乽撿懢暯梞旕妀抧懷忦栺乿乯

              拹夝 84

Treaty of Tlatelolco  --- Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean  1967-2-14

              http://www.opanal.org/opanal/Tlatelolco/Tlatelolco-i.htm

              http://www.opanal.org/opanal/Tlatelolco/Treaty%20of%20Tlatelolco.pdf

              http://mext-atm.jst.go.jp/atomica/13040106_1.html 乮朚栿乯

              僩儔僥儘儖僐忦栺(惓幃偵偼乽儔僥儞傾儊儕僇偵偍偗傞妀暫婍偺嬛巭偵娭偡傞忦栺乿)

              拹夝 85

TRIPS Agreement --- Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights.  1994-04-15

              1869 UNTS 299; 33 ILM 1197 (1994)  

              http://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/trips_e/t_agm0_e.htm

              http://www.jpo.go.jp/shiryou/s_sonota/aippi/trips/ta/mokuji.htm乮朚栿乯

抦揑強桳尃偺杅堈娭楢抦揑強桳尃偵娭偡傞嫤掕(抦揑強桳尃偺杅堈娭楢偺懁柺偵娭偡傞嫤掕丄TRIPS嫤掕)

              拹夝 7

TRT --- Trademark Registration Treaty  1994-10-27

              http://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/ip/tlt/trtdocs_wo027.html

              彜昗忦栺

              拹夝 61

TTBT --- The Threshold Test Ban Treaty  1974-6-3

              http://www.state.gov/t/ac/trt/5204.htm

              抧壓妀幚尡惂尷忦栺

 

= U =

UCC Universal Copyright Convention

UDHR --- Universal Declaration of Human Rights  1948-12-10

              GA res. 217A (III), UN Doc A/810 at 71 (1948)

              http://www.unhchr.ch/udhr/index.htm

              http://www.un.org/Overview/rights.html

              悽奅恖尃愰尵

              拹夝 25

ULF --- Convention relating to a Uniform Law on the Formation of Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (The Hague, July 1, 1964)

              http://www.unidroit.org/english/conventions/c-ulf.htm

           僴乕僌忦栺偵傛傞崙嵺暔昳攧攦宊栺偵娭偡傞摑堦朄

              拹夝 104

ULIS --- Convention relating to a Uniform Law on the International Sale of Goods(The Hague, July 1, 1964)

              http://www.unidroit.org/english/conventions/c-ulis.htm

              崙嵺暔昳攧攦偵娭偡傞摑堦朄乮ULIS乯忦栺

              拹夝 105

UNCCD --- United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or Desertification, Particularly in Africa

              http://www.unccd.int/main.php

              怺崗側姳偽偮枖偼嵒敊壔偵捈柺偡傞崙乮摿偵傾僼儕僇偺崙乯偵偍偄偰嵒敊壔偵懳張偡傞偨傔偺崙嵺楢崌忦栺(棯徧丗嵒敊壔杊巭忦栺丄嵒敊壔懳張忦栺)

              拹夝 70

UNCCGS --- United Nations Conventions on the Carriage of Goods by Sea  1978-3-30

              http://www.jus.uio.no/lm/un.sea.carriage.hamburg.rules.1978/doc

              UN Doc. A/CONF. 89/13

              1978擭奀忋壿暔桝憲偵娭偡傞崙嵺楢崌忦栺

              拹夝 171

UNCCISG --United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods  1980-4-11

              http://www.jus.uio.no/lm/un.contracts.international.sale.of.goods.convention.1980/

              UN Doc. A/CONF. 97/18

              僂傿乕儞崙楢崙嵺暔昳攧攦忦栺乮僂傿乕儞崙楢攧攦忦栺乯

              拹夝 172

UNCCRS --- United Nations Convention on Conditions for Registration of Ships  1986-2-7

              http://r0.unctad.org/ttl/docs-legal/unc-cml/status/Registration%20of%20Ships%201986.pdf

              ILM, vol.26, pp.1229

              慏敃搊榐忦審偵娭偡傞崙嵺楢崌忦栺

              拹夝 184

UNCITRAL --- United Nations Convention on International Bills of Exchange and International Promissory Notes  1988-12-9

              http://www.jus.uio.no/lm/un.bills.of.exchange.and.promissory.notes.convention.1988/doc

              ILM, vol.28, pp.177

              堊懼庤宍媦傃栺懇庤宍偵娭偡傞崙嵺楢崌忦栺

              拹夝 174

UNCLOS --- United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea  1982-12-10

              1833 UNTS 3; 21 ILM 1261 (1982)

              http://www.un.org/Depts/los/convention_agreements/convention_overview_convention.htm

              http://www.un.org/Depts/los/convention_agreements/texts/unclos/closindx.htm

              http://www.un.org/Depts/los/convention_agreements/texts/unclos/unclos_e.pdf

              奀梞朄偵娭偡傞崙嵺楢崌忦栺乮棯徧丗崙楢奀梞朄忦栺乯

拹夝 55

UNCIGSLC丂佀丂UN Convention on Independent Guarantees and Stand-by Letters of Credit

UNCMITG 佀CMITG

UN Convention on the Liability of Operators of Transport Terminals in International Trade  1991-4-19

              http://www.admiraltylawguide.com/conven/terminals1991.html

              UN Doc. A/CONF./152/13

              崙嵺杅堈偵偍偗傞塣憲僞乕儈僫儖丒僆儁儗乕僞乕偺愑擟偵娭偡傞崙嵺楢崌忦栺

              拹夝 175

UN Convention on Independent Guarantees and Stand-by Letters of Credit  1995-12-11

              http://www.uncitral.org/pdf/english/texts/payments/guarantees/guarantees.pdf

ILM , vol.35, pp.735

撈棫曐徹媦傃僗僞儞僪僶僀怣梡忬偵娭偡傞崙嵺楢崌忦栺

拹夝 176

UNCRAM  --- The United Nations Convention on the Recovery Abroad of Maintenance  1956-6-20

              UNTS , vol.268, pp.3

              懠崙懾嵼幰偵懳偡傞晑梴夞暅惪媮偵娭偡傞忦栺

              拹夝 169

UNCTOC --- United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime  2000-11-15(枹敪岠)

              http://www.uncjin.org/Documents/Conventions/dcatoc/final_documents_2/convention_eng.pdf

              ILM, 40, pp.335

           崙嵺慻怐斊嵾忦栺

        拹夝 153

UNESCO World Heritage Convention --- Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage  1972-11-16

           http://whc.unesco.org/archive/convention-en.pdf

           http://www.biodic.go.jp/biolaw/law_f.html (朚栿)

           悽奅偺暥壔堚嶻媦傃帺慠堚嶻偺曐岇偵娭偡傞忦栺

UNFCCC --- United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change  1992-05-09

              1771 UNTS 107; S. Treaty Doc No. 102-38; U.N. Doc. A/AC.237/18 (Part II)/Add.1; 31 ILM 849 (1992)

              http://unfccc.int/essential_background/convention/items/2627.php

              http://www.ioc.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~worldjpn/documents/texts/mt/19920509.T1J.html乮朚栿乯

              婥岓曄摦偵娭偡傞崙嵺楢崌榞慻忦栺乮崙楢婥岓曄摦榞慻忦栺

              拹夝 56

UNIDROIT CIFL UNIDROIT Convention on International Financial Leasing

UNIDROIT Convention on International Financial Leasing (Ottawa) , 1988-5-28

              http://www.unidroit.org/english/conventions/1988leasing/1988leasing-e.htm

              http://www.unidroit.org/english/implement/i-88-l.pdf (斸弝忣曬)

UNIDROIT Convention on International Factoring (Ottawa) 1988-5-28

              http://www.unidroit.org/english/conventions/1988factoring/1988factoring-e.htm

              http://www.unidroit.org/english/implement/i-88-f.pdf (斸弝忣曬)

UNIDROIT Convention on Stolen or Illegally Exported Cultural Objects (Rome) 1995-6-24

              http://www.unidroit.org/english/conventions/1995culturalproperty/1995culturalproperty-e.htm

              http://www.unidroit.org/english/implement/i-95.pdf  (斸弝忣曬)

United Nations Charter [UN Charter] --- Charter of the United Nations  1945-10-24

59 Stat. 1031; TS 993; 3 Bevans 1153 

http://www.un.org/aboutun/charter/

http://homepage1.nifty.com/arai_kyo/intlaw/docs/unch-je.pdf乮朚栿乯

http://www.ioc.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~worldjpn/documents/texts/docs/19450626.O1J.html乮朚栿乯

崙嵺楢崌寷復乮崙楢寷復乯

拹夝 1

Universal Copyright Convention --- Universal Copyright Convention, with Appendix Declaration relating to Articles XVII and Resolution concerning Article XI 1952,  1952-9-6

              http://portal.unesco.org/en/ev.php-URL_ID=15381&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html

Universal Copyright Convention --- Universal Copyright Convention as revised at Paris on 24 July 1971, with Appendix Declaration relating to Article XVII and Resolution concerning Article XI 1971,  1971-7-24
             
http://portal.unesco.org/en/ev.php-URL_ID=15241&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html

              http://usinfo.state.gov/usa/infousa/laws/treaties/ucc.htm

 

= V =

 

VCSSRT --- Vienna Convention on the Succession of States in Respect of Treaties. 1978-08-23

1946 UNTS 3; 17 ILM 1488 (1978); 72 AJIL 971 (1978)  

http://www.un.org/law/ilc/texts/tresufra.htm

http://www.law.howard.edu/faculty/pages/jamar/IMCT/IMCTResources/BasicCompetitionDocuments/ViennaConvSucStates.pdf  (PDF)

忦栺偵娭偡傞崙壠彸宲偵娭偡傞僂傿乕儞忦栺(忦栺偵娭偡傞崙壠彸宲忦栺)

拹夝 6

VCDR ---- Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations  1961-04-18

              500 UNTS 95; 23 UST 3227; 55 AJIL 1064  佀丂

              http://www.un.org/law/ilc/texts/dipfra.htm

              http://www.ioc.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~worldjpn/documents/texts/mt/19610418.T1J.html乮朚栿乯

              奜岎娭學偵娭偡傞僂傿乕儞忦栺乮奜岎娭學僂傿乕儞忦栺乯

              嶲徠丂佀 椞帠忦栺偵娭偡傞僂傿乕儞忦栺,

              拹夝 5

VCCR --- Vienna Convention on Consular Relations                1963-04-24 

596 UNTS 261; 21 UST 77; TIAS 6820  

http://www.un.org/law/ilc/texts/consul.htm

http://www.ioc.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~worldjpn/documents/texts/mt/19630424.T1J.html乮朚栿乯

              椞帠忦栺偵娭偡傞僂傿乕儞忦栺,乮椞帠忦栺僂傿乕儞忦栺,

              嶲徠丂佀 奜岎娭學偵娭偡傞僂傿乕儞忦栺

              拹夝 4

VCLT 佀丂Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties

Vienna Agreement --- Vienna Agreement Establishing an International Classification of the Figurative Elements of Marks  1973-6-12

              http://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/classification/vienna/trtdocs_wo031.html

              http://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/classification/vienna/index.html(斸弝忬嫷傎偐丄娭學忣曬)

Vienna Convention --- Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer  1985-03-22

              TIAS No. 11,097; 1513 UNTS 323; 26 ILM 1529 (1987)

              http://www.unep.ch/ozone/pdfs/viennaconvention2002.pdf

              僆僝儞憌偺曐岇偺偨傔偺僂傿乕儞忦栺

              拹夝 47

Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties  1969-5-23

              http://www.un.org/law/ilc/texts/treaties.htm

              忦栺朄偵娭偡傞僂傿乕儞忦栺(僂傿乕儞忦栺朄忦栺)

              拹夝 102

Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties between States and International Organizations or between International Organizations  1986-3-21 乮枹敪岠乯

              UN Doc. A/CONF. 129/15

              崙偲崙嵺婡娭偲偺娫傑偨偼崙嵺婡娭憡屳偺娫偺忦栺偵偮偄偰偺朄偵娭偡傞僂傿乕儞忦栺(崙嵺婡娭忦栺朄忦栺)

              拹夝 158

Vienna Convention on the Representation of States in their Relations with International Organizations of a Universal Character  1975-3-14 乮枹敪岠乯

              UN Doc. A/CONF. 67/16

           晛曊揑惈奿偺崙嵺慻怐偵偮偄偰偺崙壠戙昞偵娭偡傞僂傿乕儞忦栺

              拹夝 160

Vienna Convention on Succession of States in respect of States Property, Archives and Debts  1983-4-8

              http://66.102.7.104/search?q=cache:lSwAP4FnrlwJ:www.scu.edu/law/FacWebPage/Toman/003_SUCCESSION_IN_RESPECT_OF_THE_PEOPERTY.pps+Vienna+Convention+on+Succession+of+States+in+respect+of+States+Property,+Archives+and+Debts&hl=ja

              崙壠偺嵿嶻丄岞暥彂媦傃偣偒嵚柋偵偮偄偰偺崙壠彸宲偵娭偡傞僂傿乕儞忦栺(崙壠嵿嶻摍彸宲忦栺)

Vienna Convention on Succession of States in respect of Treaties  1978-8-23

              http://www.un.org/law/ilc/texts/tresufra.htm

              忦栺偵娭偡傞崙壠彸宲偵娭偡傞僂傿乕儞忦栺(忦栺偵娭偡傞崙壠彸宲忦栺)

              拹夝 103

 

 

= W =

Warsaw Convention --- Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules Relating to International Carriage by Air  1929-10-12

           http://www.icao.int/icao/en/leb/wc-hp.pdf

           http://www.jus.uio.no/lm/air.carriage.warsaw.convention.1929/doc.html

           儚儖僔儍儚忦栺 (崙嵺峲嬻帠屘偵娭偡傞曗彏偵偮偄偰偺崙嵺忦栺)

Washington Treaty --- Treaty on Intellectual Property in Respect of Integrated Circuits  1989-5-26

              http://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/ip/washington/trtdocs_wo011.html

              http://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/ShowResults.jsp?lang=en&treaty_id=29 (斸弝忬嫷傎偐丄娭學忣曬)

WCP --- WIPO Copyright Treaty  1996-12-20

              http://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/ip/wct/trtdocs_wo033.html

              http://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/ShowResults.jsp?lang=en&treaty_id=16(斸弝忬嫷傎偐丄娭學忣曬)

WIPO Convention --- Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization  1967-7-14

              http://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/convention/trtdocs_wo029.html

              http://www.jpo.go.jp/shiryou/s_sonota/aippi/wipo/cew/mokuji.htm乮朚栿乯

              http://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/ShowResults.jsp?lang=en&treaty_id=1(斸弝忬嫷傎偐丄娭學忣曬)

              悽奅抦揑嵿嶻尃婡娭偺愝棫偵娭偡傞忦栺

              拹夝 66

WPPT --- WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty  1996-12-20

              S. Treaty Doc. No. 105-17, 36 ILM 76 (1997)

              http://www.wipo.int/clea/docs_new/pdf/en/wo/wo034en.pdf

              http://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/ShowResults.jsp?lang=en&treaty_id=20(斸弝忬嫷傎偐丄娭學忣曬)

              幚墘媦傃儗僐乕僪偵娭偡傞悽奅抦揑強桳尃婡娭忦栺乮WIPO幚墘丒儗僐乕僪忦栺乯

              拹夝 60

WTO Agreement --- Marrakesh Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization  1994-4-15

              http://www.jurisint.org/pub/06/en/doc/02.htm

              http://www.ioc.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~worldjpn/documents/texts/mt/19940415.T1J.html丂乮朚栿乯

              悽奅杅堈婡娭傪愝棫偡傞儅儔働僔儏嫤掕(WTO嫤掕)

 

 

***************************** 拹夝 ******************************

 

拹夝丂1

The Charter is both an international treaty and the constitution of the United Nations organization. It established the six major organs of the UN and their functions: - a General Assembly, a Security Council, an Economic and Social Council, a Trusteeship Council, an International Court of Justice, and a Secretariat. It delineates the principles on which the UN is based, such as sovereign equality of States, and the limitations on the organization such as non-intervention in domestic affairs of States. It sets out the purposes of the UN which encompass maintenance of international peace and security, promotion of economic and social co-operation, and protection of human rights. Member states, which now include virtually every country in the world, agree by signing the Charter to the principles of non-use of force and peaceful settlement of disputes.

 

拹夝 2

The New York Convention applies to the recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitral awards and arbitration agreements. The Convention creates an environment that enhances the effectiveness of arbitration in the international arena. Over 130 countries to date have ratified the Convention. The New York Convention is promoted by UNCITRAL, the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law.

 

拹夝 3

The International Court of Justice (ICJ) is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations (Art. 92, Charter). It functions as an independent court handling disputes between States and issues advisory opinions on various questions of law. The ICJ Statute, which was based on the Statute of the Permanent Court of International Justice, was adopted together with the UN Charter. Article 38 (1) of the Statute establishes the sources of international law which it applies: international conventions or treaties, customary international law, general principles of law recognized by civilized nations, and judicial decisions and teachings of highly qualified publicists. The ICJ established its seat at the Peace Palace in The Hague. The Court's fifteen judges and its procedures are governed by the Rules of the Court .

 

拹夝 4

Along with the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations, this agreement sets out the accepted rules of diplomatic and consular privileges and immunities to which states adhere in their pursuit of friendly international relations and the maintenance of international peace and security. Article 5 delineates consular functions, including protection of nationals, development of commercial, cultural and scientific relations, and issuing of passports and visas, among many others.

 

拹夝 5

The Vienna Convention, based on a draft prepared by the UN International Law Commission, codifies the established practices governing diplomatic relations. The Convention covers establishment of diplomatic relations and missions, use of flag and emblem, appointment of staff, privileges and immunities, inviolability of premises, persona non grata, and termination of diplomatic function among many other subjects. The almost universal acceptance of this instrument reflects the importance of its subject matter to the international community.

 

拹夝 6

掲栺崙側偳佀丂http://www.ndl.go.jp/horei_jp/Treaties/un/diplomacy/diplomacy6.htm

Codified in response to the era of de-colonization, issues of state succession addressed in this treaty became even more important in the last decade of the 20th century with the dissolution of the USSR and the re-unification of Germany. The Vienna Convention, though in force, has not found wide acceptance. This site includes links to the text, abstract, status (through the United Nations Treaty Database) and Analytical Guide, the latter of which documents the development of the convention. Texts of conventions of related interest are also provided.

 

拹夝 7

The TRIPS Agreement is Annex 1C of the Marrakesh Agreement establishing the World Trade Organization, signed in Marrakesh, Morocco on 15 April 1994. This agreement puts in place a multilateral framework for addressing intellectual property issues in international commercial transactions. The document is available in HTML format.

杅堈娭楢抦揑強桳尃偵娭偡傞嫤掕丅倂俿俷愝棫嫤掕偺嶰晬懏彂偺堦偮乮Annex丂侾俠乯丅乮侾乯抦揑強桳尃曐岇偺嵟掅婎弨丄乮俀乯抦揑強桳尃偺暘栰傊偺撪崙柉懸嬾偲嵟宐崙懸嬾偺揔梡丄乮俁乯尃棙幏峴乮enforcement乯惂搙丄傪撪梕偲偡傞丅乮侾乯偱偼丄塩嬈旈枾傗僒乕價僗儅乕僋偺曐岇丄摿嫋婜娫傪弌婅偐傜擇仜擭埲忋偲偡傞丄堛栻摿嫋傪擣傔傞丄側偳傪婯掕丅倂俿俷壛柨崙乮堦嬨嬨幍擭幍寧枛尰嵼堦嶰堦僇崙丒抧堟乯偼丄偙偺嫤掕偵傛傝僷儕忦栺乮佀暿崁乯丒儀儖僰忦栺乮佀暿崁乯丒儘乕儅忦栺乮佀暿崁乯丒廤愊夞楬偵娭偡傞儚僔儞僩儞忦栺乮堦嬨敧嬨擭乯偺奺忦栺偵枹壛擖偱傕丄壛擖崙摨條偺曐岇媊柋傪晧偆偙偲偵側偭偨丅擔杮傕丄尨巕妀曄姺暔幙偺敪柧傪摿嫋懳徾偲偟丄摿嫋婜娫傪弌婅擔偐傜擇仜擭偲偡傞側偳丄奺庬偺朄夵惓傪峴偭偨丅乮尰戙梡岅偺婎慴抦幆俋俉傛傝堷梡乯

 

拹夝 8

僈僢僩乮俧俙俿俿丗General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade乯偼丄娭惻偲杅堈偵娭偡傞堦斒嫤掕偱偡丅柍嵎暿偱帺桼側杅堈傪栚巜偟丄杅堈婎弨傪掕傔丄壛柨崙娫偺杅堈暣憟張棟傪峴偄傑偡丅杮晹偼僗僀僗偺僕儏僱乕僽偵偁傝傑偡丅擔杮偼丄侾俋俆俆擭偵俧俙俿俿偵壛柨偟傑偟偨丅侾俋係係擭俈寧丄楢崌崙係係僇崙偑丄暷崙偺僯儏乕僴儞僾僔儍乕廈僽儗僩儞僂僢僘偵廤傑傝丄戞擇師悽奅戝愴偺捠壿惂搙側偳偵娭偡傞夛媍偑奐偐傟丄崙嵺捠壿婎嬥乮俬俵俥乯丄崙嵺暅嫽奐敪嬧峴乮俬俛俼俢丗悽奅嬧峴乯丄俧俙俿俿乮娭惻丒杅堈偵娭偡傞堦斒嫤掕乯偑憂愝偝傟傑偟偨丅偙傟傪丄僽儗僩儞僂僢僘嫤掕偲偄偄傑偡丅 俧俙俿俿偼丄侾俋係俈擭偺僕儏僱乕僽杅堈夛媍偱俀俁僇崙偑挷報偟丄侾俋係俉擭侾寧偵敪岠偟傑偟偨丅摉弶丄俬俿俷乮崙嵺杅堈婡峔乯偑憂愝偝傟傞梊掕偱偟偨偑丄傾儊儕僇媍夛偵斀懳偝傟偨偨傔丄堦斒嫤掕偲偄偆宍偱俧俙俿俿偑憂愝偝傟傑偟偨丅俧俙俿俿偼惓幃側崙嵺婡娭偱偼側偔丄偦偺婡擻偼摑惂椡偑庛偄傕偺偱偟偨丅 俧俙俿俿偱偼丄悽奅宱嵪偺敪揥偺偨傔偵丄柍嵎暿偱帺桼側杅堈傪峴偊傞傛偆丄娭惻傗桝弌擖惂尷側偳偺杅堈忈奞偺揚攑傪栚揑偲偟偰偄傑偟偨丅崙嵺杅堈栤戣偺岎徛偼丄奺儔僂儞僪偛偲偵恑傔傜傟傑偟偨丅儔僂儞僪偲偼丄壛柨崙偑廤傑偭偰杅堈栤戣偺専摙傪峴偆応偺偙偲偱丄俧俙俿俿偱偼俉夞峴傢傟傑偟偨丅

侾俋俇侽乣侾俋俇侾擭偵偼僨傿儘儞丒儔僂儞僪乮戞俆夞乯丄侾俋俇係乣侾俋俇俈擭偵偼働僱僨傿丒儔僂儞僪乮戞俇夞乯丄侾俋俈俁乣侾俋俈俋擭偵偼搶嫗儔僂儞僪乮戞俈夞乯丄侾俋俉俇乣侾俋俋係擭偵偼僂儖僌傾僀丒儔僂儞僪乮戞俉夞乯偑奐偐傟傑偟偨丅僂儖僌傾僀丒儔僂儞僪偱偼丄杅堈偵娭偡傞岎徛偵壛偊偰丄俧俙俿俿偵偐傢傞婡娭偲偟偰倂俿俷乮悽奅杅堈婡娭乯偺愝棫偑寛傑傝傑偟偨丅 俧俙俿俿偺栶妱偼倂俿俷偵堷宲偑傟丄俧俙俿俿偼丄侾俋俋俆擭枛偵攑巭偲側傝傑偟偨丅(嬥梈梡岅帿揟傛傝堷梡)GATT 1994 = http://www.wto.org/english/docs_e/legal_e/06-gatt.pdf

 

拹夝 9

The GATS is Annex 1B of the WTO Agreement. GATS, comprised of 29 articles, provides a framework for applying most-favored-nation treatment to measures of Members affecting trade in services.

 

拹夝 10

The Dispute Settlement Understanding is one of the major components of the multilateral trade order. The DSU is Annex 2 of the WTO Agreement. The DSU stresses consultation for dispute resolution. Failing consultation, panel procedures are set out in detail. The concept of appellate review is an important new feature of the DSU.

WTO偵偍偗傞暣憟夝寛偺婯懃媦傃庤懕傪掕傔傞椆夝丅堦曽揑慬抲偺嬛巭丄暣憟夝寛庤懕偺婜尷偺愝掕摍傪婯掕丅WTO嫤掕偵娭偟壛柨崙娫偵惗偠偰偄傞暣憟偺夝寛偺庤懕傪婯掕偡傞嫤掕

 

拹夝 11

The Convention establishes provisions applicable to contracts of sale of goods between parties having their places of business in different states. It supercedes the Convention on the Law Applicable to International Sale of Goods of September 1, 1964. The site provides the authentic French text, the Explanatory Report (in pdf format), a full status report, and a bibliography. It also provides bibliographic information on Spanish and Dutch translations.

 

拹夝 12

The SPS Agreement addresses the interest of Member governments in assuring that their citizens are being supplied with safe food. At the same time, it protects against the use of safety regulations as restrictions on international trade. The URL links to the WTO "legal texts" page, where the Agreement appears among the Multilateral Agreements on Trade in Goods.

 

拹夝 13

The African Charter is the basic document from the Organization of African Unity (OAU). This document enumerates the rights and duties as well as the principles of people's rights. It also established safeguard mechanisms, such as the African Commission on Human Rights.

1981627擔傾僼儕僇摑堦婡峔庱擼夛媍偱嵦戰偝傟丄19861021擔敪岠丅惓幃偵偼乽恖媦傃恖柉偺尃棙偵娭偡傞傾僼儕僇寷復乿丅摉奩夛媍偺奐嵜抧偱偁傞僈儞價傾偺庱搒僶儞僕儐乕儖偺柤慜傪偲偭偰丄僶儞僕儐乕儖寷復偲棯徧偝傟傞丅慜暥媦傃68儠忦偐傜惉傞丅

嶲峫暥專丗NEPAD丗偦偺價僕儑儞丄奐敪愴棯偲傾僼儕僇偺惌帯丒宱嵪偺幚懺 杧撪 怢夘

拹夝 14

According to the Preamble of the Convention, the purpose of is 乬to consolidate in this hemisphere, within the framework of democratic institutions, a system of personal liberty and social justice based on respect for the essential rights of man.乭 Part I of the Convention establishes the State乫s obligations to respect the rights and freedoms recognized therein, and its duty to adopt such legislative and other measures as may be necessary to give effect to those rights or freedoms. Part II establishes the means of protection through the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights and the Inter-American Court of Human Rights.

 

拹夝 15

The Torture Convention is one of the primary UN human rights instruments. This treaty codified the process to combat torture and established the monitoring body, the Committee Against Torture (CAT). The Committee ensures that the Convention is observed and implemented.
The version of the instrument available from the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights web site also provides access to ratification information, declarations and reservations, and a link to the monitoring body.

 

拹夝 16

"The 'European Convention on Human Rights' sets forth a number of fundamental rights and freedoms (right to life, prohibition of torture, prohibition of slavery and forced labour, right to liberty and security, right to a fair trial, no punishment without law, right to respect for private and family life, freedom of thought, conscience and religion, freedom of expression, freedom of assembly and association, right to marry, right to an effective remedy, prohibition of discrimination). More rights are granted by additional protocols to the Convention. Parties undertake to secure these rights and freedoms to everyone within their jurisdiction"

 

拹夝 17

The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) is one of the most important women's human rights conventions. It was adopted and opened for signature by General Assembly resolution 34/180 of December 18, 1979. This convention "defines what constitutes discrimination against women and sets up an agenda for national action to end such discrimination" (UN WomenWatch web site).
The UNHCHR web site provides the text of the convention as well as ratification information and any declarations and reservations by States parties to the treaty.

乮宱堒側偳乯丂佀丂奜柋徣丂http://www.mofa.go.jp/mofaj/gaiko/josi/

偁傜備傞暘栰偵偍偗傞彈惈偺尃棙傪徻嵶偵曐忈偟偨忦栺丅丂崙楢偺晈恖偺抧埵埾堳夛偑俇擭偐偗偰婲憪偟丄1979擭偺崙楢憤夛偱嵦戰偝傟丄1981擭偵敪岠偟偨丅1976擭偐傜偺乽崙楢晈恖偺侾侽擭乿偺惉壥偺堦偮丅丂偙偺忦栺偼丄恖椶偺敪揥丄暯榓偑恀偺抝彈暯摍幚尰偺忋偵弶傔偰彽棃偝傟傞偙偲丄惈偵傛傞栶妱暘扴榑偺崕暈丄側偳傪忦栺嵦戰偺摦婡偲偟偰宖偘偰偄傞丅丂傑偨丄彈惈嵎暿偼丄婛崶丒枹崶傪栤傢偢丄惈偵婎偯偔嬫暿傗彍奜丄惂栺偱 丂偁偭偰丄偄偐側傞暘栰偵偍偄偰傕抝彈偺暯摍傪婎慴偲偡傞丄偲掕媊偝傟偨丅
丂擔杮偼丄1985擭偵偙偺忦栺傪斸弝偟偰偄傞丅丂偙偺忦栺傪庴偗偰丄偦偺屻丄抝彈屬梡婡夛嬒摍朄堢帣媥嬈朄側偳偺朄棩偑惂掕偝傟傞偙偲偵側偭偨丅乮2003/05/30丂乽尰戙惌帯梡岅帿揟乿乯

 

拹夝 18

This convention was unanimously adopted UN General Assembly in 1948 in the aftermath of the Holocaust . It bans acts committed with the intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnic, racial or religious group. It declares genocide a crime under international law whether committed during war or peacetime, and binds all signatories to take measures to prevent and punish any acts of genocide committed within their jurisdiction.

忦栺壖栿丄掲栺崙悢側偳佀

http://www.ndl.go.jp/horei_jp/Treaties/un/human_rights/human_rights6.htm

慜暥媦傃19僇忦偐傜惉傝丄僕僃僲僒僀僪傪掕媊偟丄嬛巭偟偨忦栺丅1948擭12寧9擔崙楢戞嶰夞憤夛寛媍260A乮III乯偵偰慡夛堦抳偱嵦戰偝傟丄1951擭1寧12擔偵敪岠丅掲栺崙偼135僇崙偱丄擔杮偼枹壛擖丅乮僼儕乕昐壢帠揟乯丅http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E3%82%B8%E3%82%A7%E3%83%8E%E3%82%B5%E3%82%A4%E3%83%89%E6%9D%A1%E7%B4%84丂乯

彁柤崙暿忣曬乮愰尵傗棷曐暥彂乯丂佀丂http://disarmament.un.org/TreatyStatus.nsf丂乮1925 Geneva Protocolalphabetical order傪僋儕僢僋乯

 

拹夝 19

This is one of the primary human rights treaties and it focuses on the rights of the child (CRC). The document on the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights web site links to status information, declarations and reservations, and to the monitoring body (the Committee on the Rights of the Child). The CRC has two additional optional protocols, one on the involvement of children in armed conflicts and one on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography.

帣摱偺尃棙偵娭偡傞忦栺偼丄1959擭偵嵦戰偝傟偨乽帣摱偺尃棙偵娭偡傞愰尵乿乮憤夛寛媍1386(XIV)乯偺30廃擭偵崌傢偣丄1989擭11寧20擔崙楢憤夛偱嵦戰偝傟偨崙嵺忦栺偱偁傞丅1990擭9寧2擔敪岠偟丄擔杮崙撪偱偼1994擭5寧22擔偐傜岠椡偑敪惗偟偨丅忦暥偼丄慜暥偍傛傃54儢忦偐傜側傝丄帣摱乮18嵨枹枮乯偺尃棙傪曪妵揑偵掕傔偰偄傞丅忦栺偺摿怓偲偟偰偼丄帣摱傪乽曐岇偺懳徾乿偲偟偰偱偼側偔丄乽尃棙偺庡懱乿偲偟偰偄傞揰偑偁傞丅帺桼尃婯栺媦傃幮夛尃婯栺偱擣傔傜傟偰偄傞彅尃棙傪帣摱偵偮偄偰峀斖偵婯掕偟丄帣摱偺恖尃懜廳傗尃棙偺妋曐偵岦偗偰峏偵徻嵶偱嬶懱揑側帠崁傪婯掕偟偰偄傞丅 乮僼儕乕昐壢帠揟乯丅

拹夝 20

This instrument was drafted by a conference of Plenipotentiaries of the UN after World War II to define the legal status of refugees. The 1951 Convention covered people displaced before 1951, a temporal restriction removed by a subsequent Protocol (1967). The Convention contains provisions that define who refugees are, outline their legal status, and provide administrative guidelines for complying with the Convention, including co-operation with the UN High Commissioner for Refugees. The UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) web site contains a link to status information of the Convention.

擄柉媦傃柍崙愋幰偺抧埵偵娭偡傞崙楢慡尃夛媍偱1954擭敪岠丅擄柉偺抧埵偵娭偡傞忦栺丅愴憟丄惌帯揑暣憟丄揤嵭側偳偺偨傔偵丄屘崙傗嫃廧抧偺奜偵弌偨恖乆偱斾妑揑傑偲傑偭偨廤抍傪擄柉偲偄偄丄斵傜偵揔梡偡傞忦栺偱丄擄柉傪敆奞偡傞嫲傟偺偁傞抧堟傊捛曻偟偨傝憲娨偡傞偙偲傕嬛偠偰偄傞丅擔杮偺壛擖偼1982擭丅2001擭尰嵼137僇崙偑嶲壛偟偰偄傞丅

拹夝 21

The European Social Charter guarantees 19 fundamental economic and social rights.
From this page, the user can access the text of the convention, a summary, a chart of signatures and ratifications, and a list of declarations and reservations.

1961擭丄墷廈昡媍夛偵傛偭偰惂掕偝傟偨儓乕儘僢僷幮夛寷復乮European Social Charter乯偼丄楯摥幰偺尃棙傗忈奞幰偺怑嬈孭楙丒幮夛暅婣偵娭偟偰掕傔偰偄傞丅崙嵺忦栺偲偟偰偺岠椡傪帩偮偑丄朄揑婯斖椡偼庛偔丄幚岠惈偵寚偗傞丅偡側傢偪丄摨寷復堘斀傪棟桼偵丄屄恖偼嵸敾強偵慽偊傪採婲偟偊側偄丅傕偭偲傕丄庤懕偺夵惓偑恑傔傜傟偰偍傝丄1995擭偵偼丄掲栺崙偺寷復堘斀偵懳偟丄楯摥慻崌丄巊梡幰抍懱丄NGO偵抍懱怽棫尃傪梌偊傞媍掕彂偑惂掕偝傟偨丅丂側偍丄墷廈昡媍夛偼丄1950擭偵 墷廈恖尃忦栺 傪惂掕偟偰偄傞丅摨忦栺戞6忦戞1崁偼丄乽壗恖傕丄偦偺柉帠忋偺尃棙媦傃媊柋丄枖偼帺屓偵懳偡傞孻帠忋偺旐媈帠幚偺寛掕偵偁偨傝丄朄棩偵傛偭偰愝偗傜傟偨撈棫偺岞暯側嵸敾強偵傛傞崌棟揑側婜娫撪偺岞惓側岞奐怰棟傪庴偗傞尃棙傪桳偡傞乿偲偟偰丄嵸敾傪庴偗傞尃棙傪曐忈偟偰偄傞丅偙偺婯掕偵傛傞偲丄嵸敾傪庴偗傞尃棙偼丄柉帠丒孻帠帠審偵尷掕偝傟丄幮夛惌嶔丒幮夛朄偺揔梡暘栰偵娭偡傞埬審乮椺偊偽丄擭嬥偺巟暐偄偵娭偡傞暣憟乯偵娭偟偰偼丄嵸敾傪庴偗傞尃棙偑曐忈偝傟側偄偲峫偊傞偙偲傕偱偒傞偑丄墷廈恖尃嵸敾強偼丄嬥慘偺惪媮側偳丄柉帠揑惈幙傪桳偡傞埬審偼丄乽柉帠帠審乿偺拞偵娷傑傟傞偲敾抐偟偰偄傞丅http://eu-info.jp/law/so-pu.html

嶲峫暥專丗乽崙嵺楢崌偲忈奞幰栤戣 - 廳梫娭楢寛媍丒暥彂廤乿拞栰 慞払

http://www.dinf.ne.jp/doc/japanese/intl/un/unpwd/po248po279.html

 

拹夝 22

The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (CERD) specifies the measures that States must undertake to eliminate racial discrimination. The Convention also established the monitoring body, the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination. The version of the document available from the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights web site provide ratifications, declarations and reservations, and a link to the Committee.

乽偁傜備傞宍懺偺恖庬嵎暿偺揚攑偵娭偡傞崙嵺忦栺乿朚栿(奜柋徣)

http://www.mofa.go.jp/mofaj/gaiko/jinshu/conv_j.html

 

拹夝 23

The ICCPR is one of the basic documents contained in the International Bill of Human Rights. It was adopted and opened for signature by General Assembly resolution 2200A (XXI) of December 16, 1966. Specific civil and political rights are enumerated in this instrument, such as inherent right to life, right to liberty and security of person, right to a fair trial, and many more important rights. This site provides the text of the instrument, ratification information, declarations and reservations, and a link to the monitoring body. The document is also available in PDF

http://www.ndl.go.jp/horei_jp/Treaties/un/human_rights/human_rights12.htm

http://transnews.at.infoseek.co.jp/sub5.htm

 

拹夝 24

This Covenant is one of the basic documents contained in the International Bill of Human Rights. It was adopted and opened for signature by General Assembly resolution 2200A (XXI) of December 16, 1966. The document includes some of the following rights:1) right to food; 2) right to work; 3) right to housing; and 4) right to education. This UNHCHR site provides the text of the instrument, ratification information, declarations and reservations, and a link to the monitoring body. The text is also available in PDF.丂朚栿乮奜柋徣乯http://www.mofa.go.jp/mofaj/gaiko/kiyaku/2b_001.html

 

拹夝 25

This document is an integral part of the International Bill of Human Rights. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) was adopted by the UN General Assembly on December 10, 1948. The rights and obligations enumerated in the United Nations Charter were codified in the UDHR. This was the first instrument to really articulate the fundamental rights and freedoms of all people. The UNHCHR web site provides over 300 different language versions in HTML, PDF, and graphical forms.

朚栿丂http://list.room.ne.jp/~lawtext/1948HumanRight.html

 

拹夝 26

擔杮丂1953421擔撪妕寛掕丄壛擖捠崘丄729擔崙夛彸擣丄1021擔岠椡敪惗丄岞晍乮忦栺戞23崋乯

 

拹夝 27

擔杮丂1953421擔撪妕寛掕丄壛擖捠崘丄729擔崙夛彸擣丄1021擔岠椡敪惗丄岞晍乮忦栺戞24崋乯

 

拹夝 28

The Montreal Convention applies to acts of aviation sabotage such as bombings aboard aircraft in flight. It was concluded at the International Conference on Air Law held at Montreal, September 8-23, 1971, under the auspices of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO). This Convention is supplemented by the Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts of Violence at Airports Serving International Civil Aviation, done at Montreal on February 24, 1988.

柉娫峲嬻偺埨慡偵懳偡傞晄朄側峴堊偺杊巭偵娭偡傞忦栺乮柉娫峲嬻晄朄峴堊杊巭忦栺丂乮儌儞僩儕僆乕儖忦栺乯

丂柉娫峲嬻偺埨慡偵懳偡傞堦掕偺晄朄側峴堊傪斊嵾偲偟粋虜茞l偺張敱鴵n偟摍偵偮偒掕傔偨傕偺

拹夝 29

擔杮丂1953421擔撪妕寛掕丄壛擖捠崘丄729擔崙夛彸擣丄1021擔岠椡敪惗丄岞晍乮忦栺戞25

 

拹夝 30

擔杮丂1953421擔撪妕寛掕丄壛擖捠崘丄729擔崙夛彸擣丄1021擔岠椡敪惗丄岞晍乮忦栺戞26崋乯

 

拹夝 31

The Hostages Convention provides that "any person who seizes or detains and threatens to kill, to injure or to continue to detain another person . . . in order to compel a third party, namely, a State, an international intergovernmental organization, a natural or juridical person, or a group of persons, to do or abstain from doing any act as an explicit or implicit condition for the release of the hostage commits the offence of taking of hostages . . . ." (Art. 1.)

崙嵺僥儘偲偟偰峴傢傟傞恖幙傪偲傞峴堊傪斊嵾偲偟粋虜茞l偺張敱鴵n偟摍偵偮偒掕傔偨傕偺

 

拹夝 32

http://66.102.7.104/search?q=cache:WRCqNWX5aMkJ:cns.miis.edu/pubs/inven/pdfs/airterr.pdf+Convention+on+Offenses+and+Certain+Other+Acts+Committed+on+Board+Aircraft&hl=ja

峲嬻婡撪偱峴傢傟偨斊嵾偺嵸敾尃眰陚鐐饚鎮钂鱾軅閭絺邆虌@挿偺尃尷摍偵偮偄偰掕傔偨傕偺

 

拹夝 33

The Convention defines the act of unlawful seizure of aircraft, and the Contracting States have undertaken to make such an offence punishable by severe penalties. Under the provisions of The Hague Convention a State is obliged, whether or not it is the State of registration, to take such measures as may be necessary to establish its jurisdiction over the offence in the case where the alleged offender is present in its territory and it does not extradite him. If there is no extradition treaty between the States concerned and the offender is in the territory of a Contracting State and that State refuses to extradite the offender, then it must submit the case to its competent authorities for the purpose of prosecution under its criminal law.

The Convention requires any Contracting State in which the aircraft or its passengers or crew are present to facilitate the continuation of the journey of the passengers and crew as soon as possible and to return the aircraft and its cargo to the persons lawfully entitled to possession without delay.

丂峲嬻婡偺晄朄扗庢摍傪斊嵾偲偟粋虜茞l偺張敱鴵n偟摍偵偮偒掕傔偨傕偺

嶲峫帒椏乮Status傎偐乯丂佀丂http://www.icao.int/cgi/goto_m.pl?/icao/en/search_icao.html

 

拹夝 34

丂尦庱丄惌晎偺挿丄奜柋戝恇摍崙嵺揑偵曐岇偝傟傞幰媦傃偦偺岞揑巤愝摍偵懳偡傞堦掕偺峴堊傪斊嵾偲偟粋虜茞l傪張敱鴵n偟摍偵偮偒掕傔偨傕偺

 

拹夝 35

崙嵺桝憲拞偺妀暔幙偵偮偄偰杊岇偺慬抲傪媊柋晅偗軅綂j暔幙偺愞庢摍偺峴堊傪斊嵾偲偟粋虜茞l偺張敱鴵n偟摍偵偮偒掕傔偨傕偺

亙奣梫亜
妀暔幙偺杊岇偵娭偡傞忦栺乮妀暔幙杊岇忦栺丄俹俹忦栺乯偼丄妀暔幙偺晄朄側庢摼丄巊梡偐傜庣傞偙偲傪栚揑偵丄崙嵺尨巕椡婡娭乮俬俙俤俙乯偵傛傞俀擭娫偺嶔掕嶌嬈傪宱偰197910寧偵嵦戰偝傟丄19872寧偵敪岠偟偨丅擔杮偼1988擭偵偙偺忦栺偵壛擖偟偰偄傞丅2002823擔尰嵼偺掲栺崙偼77偐崙偲侾崙嵺婡娭乮儐乕儔僩儉乯偱偁傞丅
丂偙偺忦栺偺掲栺崙偼丄乮1乯崙嵺桝憲拞偺妀暔幙偵偮偒堦掕悈弨偺杊岇慬抲傪妋曐偡傞偙偲丄偍傛傃乮2乯偦偺傛偆側杊岇慬抲偑庢傜傟傞巪偺曐徹偑摼傜傟側偄尷傝妀暔幙偺桝弌擖傪嫋壜偟偰偼側傜側偄偙偲丄偲偄偭偨媊柋傪晧偆丅杮暥僥僉僗僩偺朚栿丂佀http://mext-atm.jst.go.jp/atomica/13040102_1.html

 

拹夝 36

儌儞僩儕僆乕儖忦栺偺曗懌媍掕彂偱憤蹕髰`偺埨慡傪懝側偆堦掕偺朶椡峴堊傪忦栺忋偺斊嵾偵壛偊丄偦偺斊恖偺張敱丄堷搉偟摍偵偮偒掕傔偨傕偺

 

拹夝 37

慏敃偺晄朄扗庢丄攋夡峴堊摍傪斊嵾偲偟粋虜茞l偺張敱鴵n偟摍偵偮偒掕傔偨傕偺

 

拹夝 38

戝棨扞僾儔僢僩僼僅乕儉偺晄朄扗庢j夡峴堊摍傪斊嵾偲偟粋虜茞l偺張敱鴵n偟摍偵偮偒掕傔偨傕偺

 

拹夝 39

壜慪惈敋栻偵偮偄偰扵抦嵻偺揧壛乮幆暿慬抲乯傪媊柋晅偗丄幆暿慬抲偑偲傜傟偰偄側偄壜慪惈敋栻偺惢憿趽畟虌謳~丄攑婞媊柋摍傪掕傔偨傕偺

 

拹夝 40

敋敪暔偦偺懠偺抳巰憰抲傪岞嫟偺応強偵愝抲偡傞峴堊摍傪斊嵾偲偟粋虜茞l偺張敱鴵n偟摍偵偮偒掕傔偨傕偺

 

拹夝 41

堦掕偺斊嵾峴堊乮乯偵巊梡偝傟傞偙偲傪堄恾偟偰枖偼抦傝側偑傜峴傢傟傞帒嬥偺嫙梌丄廂廤傪斊嵾偲偟茞l偺張敱鴵n偟摍偵偮偒掕傔偨傕偺

 

拹夝 42

崙嵺揑晲椡暣憟偺媇惖幰偺曐岇偵娭偟丄1949812擔偺僕儏僱乕僽彅忦栺偵捛壛偝傟傞媍掕彂戞堦捛壛媍掕彂(Protocols Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts (Protocol I))

嵦戰丂197768擔丂崙楢恖摴朄奜岎夛媍

彁柤乮奐曻乯丂1977擭12寧12擔乮儀儖儞乯

岠椡敪惗丂1978擭12寧7擔

擔杮崙乮枹壛擖乯丂2004擭偺戞159夞崙夛偵偍偄偰椉堾捠夁丅

媍埬柤丗乽愮嬨昐巐廫嬨擭敧寧廫擇擔偺僕儏僱乕償彅忦栺偺崙嵺揑側晲椡暣憟偺媇惖幰偺曐岇偵娭偡傞捛壛媍掕彂乮媍掕彂嘥乯偺掲寢偵偮偄偰彸擣傪媮傔傞偺審乿

 

拹夝 43

僕儏僱乕僽忦栺戞擇捛壛媍掕彂偼丄1949擭8寧12擔偺僕儏僱乕僽彅忦栺偵嫟捠偡傞戞嶰忦(僕儏僱乕僽彅忦栺嫟捠嶰忦)傪敪揥丒曗姰偡傞傕偺偱丄1977擭偵嵦戰偝傟偨丅

旕崙嵺揑晲椡暣憟偺媇惖幰偺曐岇偵娭偟丄1949擭8寧12擔偺僕儏僱乕僽彅忦栺偵捛壛偝傟傞媍掕彂乮戞擇捛壛媍掕彂乯乯(Protocols Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the Protection of Victims of Non-International Armed Conflicts (Protocol II))

嵦戰丂197768擔丂崙楢恖摴朄奜岎夛媍

彁柤乮奐曻乯丂1977擭12寧12擔乮儀儖儞乯

岠椡敪惗丂1978擭12寧7擔

彁柤崙丗55僇崙

掲栺崙丗156僇崙乮2004擭2寧20擔尰嵼乯

擔杮崙乮枹壛擖乯丂2004擭偺159夞崙夛偵偍偄偰椉堾捠夁丅

媍埬柤丗乽愮嬨昐巐廫嬨擭敧寧廫擇擔偺僕儏僱乕償彅忦栺偺旕崙嵺揑側晲椡暣憟偺媇惖幰偺曐岇偵娭偡傞捛壛媍掕彂乮媍掕彂嘦乯偺掲寢偵偮偄偰彸擣傪媮傔傞偺審乿

 

拹夝 44

掲栺崙側偳佀丂http://www.ndl.go.jp/horei_jp/Treaties/un/diplomacy/diplomacy9.htm

The Rome Statute (here in PDF) is the founding document of the International Criminal Court. It was drafted by the United Nations Diplomatic Conference of Plenipotentiaries on the Establishment of an International Criminal Court and builds upon the work done by the International Law Commission on its 1994 Draft Statute for an International Criminal Court and on the 1996 Draft Code of Crimes Against the Peace and Security of Mankind.

嶲峫暥彂

崙嵺孻帠嵸敾強偺愝棫偵娭偡傞弨旛埾堳夛偺曬崘彂丂
Report of the Preparatory Committee on the Establishment of an International Criminal Court
(A/CONF.183/2
僥僉僗僩僼傽僀儖丒1KB) 1988
乵儘乕儅婯掱偺憪埬傪娷傓乶捛曗
A/CONF.183/2/Add.1
pdf僼傽僀儖丒349KB) 1988

崙嵺孻帠嵸敾強偺愝棫偵娭偡傞奜岎夛媍偺僼傽僀僫儖丒傾僋僩丄1998717擔儘乕儅
Final act of the United Nations Diplomatic Conference of Plenipotentiaries on the Establishment of an International Criminal Court, done at Rome on 17 July 1998
(A/CONF.183/10
pdf僼傽僀儖丒42KB) 1998

1夞儘乕儅婯掱掲栺崙夛媍岞幃婰榐
Assembly of States Parties to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, 1st session, New York, 3-10 September 2002 : official records
(ICC-ASP/1/3
pdf僼傽僀儖

 

拹夝 45

This international convention creates a framework for controlling the movement of hazardous wastes across international borders. "A central goal of the Basel Convention is 'environmentally sound management' (ESM), the aim of which is to protect human health and the environment by minimizing hazardous waste production whenever possible." (Introduction, Basel Secretariat.) The site includes ratification information, rules of procedure, and explanatory leaflets.

桳奞攑婞暔偺崙嫬傪墇偊傞堏摦媦傃偦偺張暘偺婯惂偵娭偡傞僶乕僛儖忦栺偺攚宨丄奣梫(奜柋徣)丄崙撪朄偺惍旛忬嫷側偳丂佀丂http://www.mofa.go.jp/mofaj/gaiko/kankyo/jyoyaku/basel.html

乮娐嫬徣乯http://www.env.go.jp/recycle/yugai/html/

 

拹夝 46

The Convention for the Prevention of Marine Pollution from Land-Based Sources (Paris Convention) was adopted to address marine pollution by discharges of pollutants from land-based sources, watercourses or pipelines.
The Paris Convention was replaced by Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic (OSPAR Convention), which entered into force in 1998.

Marine Pollution Conventions娭楢暥專儕僗僩丂佀丂http://www.nyu.edu/pages/elc/intl/marine.html

 

拹夝 47

This international convention provides a general framework to address the problem of depletion of the ozone layer. More specific measures are set forth in the Montreal Protocol to this convention. The site also provides information about ratification status and related reports and documents.

僆僝儞憌偺曐岇偺偨傔偺僂傿乕儞忦栺偺攚宨丄奣梫側偳丂佀丂奜柋徣僒僀僩

http://www.mofa.go.jp/mofaj/gaiko/kankyo/jyoyaku/ozone.html

僆僝儞憌曐岇偺偨傔偺崙嵺揑側榞慻傒傪掕傔偨忦栺丅丂1976擭丄崙楢娐嫬寁夋乮UNEP偑僆僝儞憌曐岇偵娭偡傞崙嵺揑側榞慻傒傪専摙偡傞偙偲傪寛掕偟丄梻77擭偵偼乽僆僝儞憌偵娭偡傞悽奅峴摦寁夋乿偑嵦戰偝傟偨丅丂偙偺峴摦寁夋偵婎偯偒丄僆僝儞憌曐岇偵娭偡傞挷惍埾堳夛偑奐嵜偝傟傞傛偆偵側傝丄1985擭丄僂傿乕儞偱偺偙偺忦栺偺嵦戰偵帄偭偨丅丂僆僝儞憌偺娤應丄尋媶丄曐岇丄崙嵺嫤椡側偳偺婎杮尨懃傗堦斒揑媊柋偑掕傔傜傟偰偄傞丅傑偨丄嬶懱揑側庢傝慻傒偼丄媍掕彂偱婯掕偝傟傞傕偺偲偝傟丄1987擭偵偼丄儌儞僩儕僆乕儖媍掕彂偑嵦戰偝傟偨丅丂尰嵼丄EU傪娷傓185儢崙偑斸弝偟偰偄傞丅(2003/07/24丂乽尰戙惌帯梡岅帿揟乿)

 

拹夝 48

乽僆僝儞憌傪攋夡偡傞暔幙偵娭偡傞儌儞僩儕僆乕儖媍掕彂乿朚栿僥僉僗僩丂佀

http://www.houko.com/00/05/S63/009.HTM

乮夝愢乯

僆僝儞憌傪攋夡偡傞暔幙傪嬶懱揑偵婯惂偡傞慬抲傪掕傔偨忦栺丅丂僂傿乕儞忦栺偱掕傔傜傟偨榞慻傒偵婎偯偒丄僆僝儞憌曐岇偺偨傔偺嬶懱揑側巤嶔傪惙傝崬傒丄1987擭偵僇僫僟偺儌儞僩儕僆乕儖偱嵦戰偝傟偨丅丂偙偺媍掕彂偱偼丄5庬椶偺摿掕僼儘儞偵偮偄偰偺1998擭傑偱偺敿尭偲丄3庬椶偺僴儘儞乮僼僢壔扽慺椶乯偺1992擭埲崀偺尰忬堐帩偑掕傔傜傟偨丅丂偦偺屻丄媍掕彂偼悢擭枅偵尒捈偝傟丄婯惂懳徾暔幙偺捛壛傗婛懚婯惂暔幙偺婯惂僗働僕儏乕儖偺慜搢偟摍丄抜奒揑偵婯惂嫮壔偝傟偰偄傞丅丂尰嵼丄1987擭偺媍掕彂偺斸弝崙悢偼1841999擭偺夵惓媍掕彂偺斸弝崙偼丄49儢崙偲側偭偰偄傞丅(2003/07/25 乽尰戙惌帯梡岅帿揟乿)

 

拹夝 49

The Convention on Biological Diversity, adopted during the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, promotes biodiversity, sustainable use, and the sharing of benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources.The Convention provides for national reporting of efforts to implement the provisions of the Convention.

忦栺偺攚宨側偳夝愢偼奜柋徣僒僀僩丂佀http://www.mofa.go.jp/mofaj/gaiko/kankyo/jyoyaku/bio.html

EIC NET偺夝愢乯

1992擭偵儕僆丒僨丒僕儍僱僀儘乮僽儔僕儖乯偱奐嵜偝傟偨崙楢娐嫬奐敪夛媍抧媴僒儈僢僩乯偱嵦戰偝傟偨忦栺偺傂偲偮丅梻1993擭敪岠丅偙偺忦栺偱偼丄惗暔偺懡條惈傪乽惗懺宯乿丄乽庬乿丄乽堚揱巕乿偺3偮偺儗儀儖偱懆偊丄惗暔懡條惈偺曐慡丄偦偺峔惉梫慺偺帩懕壜擻側棙梡丄堚揱帒尮偺棙梡偐傜惗偢傞棙塿偺岞惓側攝暘傪栚揑偲偟偰偄傞丅
掲栺崙偵懳偟丄偦偺擻椡偵墳偠丄曐慡丄帩懕壜擻側棙梡偺慬抲傪偲傞偙偲傪媮傔傞偲偲傕偵丄奺崙偺帺慠帒尮偵懳偡傞庡尃傪擣傔丄帒尮採嫙崙偲棙梡崙偲偺娫偱偺棙塿偺岞惓偐偮岞暯側攝暘傪媮傔偰偄傞丅傑偨丄惗暔懡條惈偵埆塭嬁傪媦傏偡偍偦傟偺偁傞僶僀僆僥僋僲儘僕乕偵傛偭偰夵曄偝傟偨惗暔(LMO/GMO)偺堏憲丄庢傝埖偄丄棙梡偺庤懕偒摍偵偮偄偰偼丄僇儖僞僿僫媍掕彂偑嵦戰偝傟偰偄傞丅
擔杮偼1992擭偵彁柤丄梻擭壛柨乮庴戻乯丅20052寧尰嵼偱188儢崙偑壛柨偟偰偄傞丅忦栺帠柋嬊偼僇僫僟偺儌儞僩儕僆乕儖偵偁傞丅

 

拹夝 50

This international agreement aims to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival. The convention provides a framework under which each member state adopts its own domestic implementing legislation. The three appendices, linked from the convention text site, list the species afforded protection by the convention. In addition, the site links to notes about amending agreements.

宱堒側偳夝愢乮奜柋徣乯佀丂http://www.mofa.go.jp/mofaj/gaiko/kankyo/jyoyaku/wasntn.html

EIC NET偺夝愢乯

惓幃柤徧偼乽愨柵偺偍偦傟偺偁傞栰惗摦怉暔偺庬偺崙嵺庢堷偵娭偡傞忦栺乿丅1973擭偵暷崙儚僔儞僩儞偱峴傢傟偨夛媍偱嵦戰偝傟丄1975擭偵敪岠偟偨丅夛媍奐嵜抧偵偪側傒儚僔儞僩儞忦栺丄傑偨偼塸岅惓幃柤徧偺摢暥帤傪偲偭偰CITES偲棯徧偝傟傞丅
忦栺偺栚揑偼丄栰惗摦怉暔庬偺崙嵺庢堷偑偦傟傜偺懚懕傪嫼偐偡偙偲偺側偄傛偆婯惂偡傞偙偲偱偁傞丅愨柵偺偍偦傟偺掱搙偵傛傝丄栰惗惗暔庬傪晬懏彂I乮彜嬈栚揑偺崙嵺庢堷偑尨懃嬛巭乯丄晅懏彂II乮彜庢堷偵桝弌崙偺嫋壜偑昁梫乯丄晅懏彂IIIII偲傎傏摨偠埖偄丄尨嶻崙偑撈帺偵寛傔傜傟傞乯偵宖嵹偟丄崙嵺庢堷偑婯惂偝傟傞丅掲栺崙偼丄晬懏彂偵宖嵹偝傟偨摿掕偺庬偵偮偄偰丄棷曐傪晅偡偙偲偵傛傝丄忦栺偵傛傞婯惂傪庴偗側偄偱偄傞偙偲偑偱偒傞丅23擭偛偲偵掲栺崙夛媍偑奐偐傟丄晬懏彂偺夵掶傗忦栺塣梡偺嵶懃側偳偑榖偟崌傢傟傞丅20052寧尰嵼偺掲栺崙悢偼167僇崙丅擔杮偼1980擭偵壛柨偟偨丅

 

拹夝 51

The 1986 accident at the Chernobyl nuclear plant in the former Soviet Union served as the impetus for this international agreement, which requires parties to apply specified safety principles to the construction, operation and regulation of nuclear power plants within their jurisdiction. The convention also requires the parties to submit periodic reports on the steps they are taking to implement the obligations. The parties meet regularly to review the reports.

(Background)  The Convention on Nuclear Safety was adopted in Vienna on 17 June 1994. The Convention was drawn up during a series of expert level meetings from 1992 to 1994 and was the result of considerable work by Governments, national nuclear safety authorities and the Agency's Secretariat. Its aim is to legally commit participating States operating land-based nuclear power plants to maintain a high level of safety by setting international benchmarks to which States would subscribe. The obligations of the Parties are based to a large extent on the principles contained in the IAEA Safety Fundamentals document "The Safety of Nuclear Installations". These obligations cover for instance, siting, design, construction, operation, the availability of adequate financial and human resources, the assessment and verification of safety, quality assurance and emergency preparedness  The Convention is an incentive instrument. It is not designed to ensure fulfillment of obligations by Parties through control and sanction but is based on their common interest to achieve higher levels of safety which will be developed and promoted through regular meetings of the Parties. The Convention obliges Parties to submit reports on the implementation of their obligations for "peer review" at meetings of the Parties to be held at the IAEA. This mechanism is the main innovative and dynamic element of the Convention. For additional information see the General Conference document on Measures to Strengthen International Co-Operation in Nuclear, Radiation and Waste Safety, particularly Annex 1. GC(44)/INF/4 [pdf].

亙奣梫亜
崙嵺尨巕椡埨慡忦栺乮尨巕椡偺埨慡偵娭偡傞忦栺乯偼丄19919寧偺崙嵺尨巕椡婡娭乮俬俙俤俙乯偺尨巕椡埨慡夛媍偺愰尵慖戰嵦寛偑宊婡偲側傝丄崙嵺揑偵埨慡惈偑寽擮偝傟傞媽僜楢丄拞丒搶墷彅崙偵偍偗傞尨巕椡敪揹強偺埨慡惈偺妋曐偲岦忋傪栚揑偵丄俬俙俤俙偺愱栧壠僌儖乕僾夛崌偑嶔掕嶌嬈傪峴側偭偨寢壥丄19946寧偺奜岎夛媍偵偍偄偰惓幃側嵦戰偑峴側傢傟丄摨擭9寧偵擔杮傪娷傓38偐崙偵傛偭偰彁柤偝傟丄19961024擔偵敪岠偟偨丅
丂偙偺忦栺偺媊柋揑忦崁偲偟偰丄朄揑慬抲丄埨慡桪愭惌嶔偺妋棫丄埨慡帒尮偺妋曐丄恖揑場巕傊偺攝椂丄曻幩慄杊岇丄昳幙曐徹丄巤愝偺埨慡昡壙丄嬞媫帪懳墳丄棫抧偺昡壙丄愝寁偍傛傃寶愝帪偺埨慡妋曐側偳偺帠崁偑惙傝偙傑傟偰偄傞丅傑偨丄媊柋揑帠崁偺弲庣忬嫷偵偮偄偰丄尨懃偲偟偰俁擭偛偲偵曬崘彂乮崙暿曬崘彂乯傪俬俙俤俙傊採弌偟丄掲栺崙偵傛傞儗價儏乕偵晅偝傟傞丅乮尨巕椡昐壢帠揟 ATOMICA

忦栺杮暥僥僉僗僩乮朚栿乯佀丂http://mext-atm.jst.go.jp/atomica/13030108_1.html

 

拹夝 52

This international agreement provides a framework for the elimination of intentional pollution of the marine environment by oil and other harmful substances and the minimization of accidental discharge of such substances.
Note: The 1973 agreement did not enter into force until after the provisions of the 1978 Protocol were adopted, and the agreement and its 1978 protocol are normally referred to jointly as "MARPOL 73/78." The text provided at this site does not incorporate the 1978 protocol. Although the IMO serves as depository for this agreement, the IMO site does not provide the full text of the 1973 agreement or the 1978 protocol, but it does provide a detailed overview of MARPOL 73/78 and its annexes.MARPOL 73/78 has been amended over twenty times; the IMO site lists the amendments.

慏敃偺塣峲傗偦偺帠屘偵傛傞奀梞偺墭愼傪杊巭偡傞偨傔偺忦栺偱丄惓幃偵偼乽1973擭偺慏敃偵傛傞墭愼偺杊巭偺偨傔偺崙嵺忦栺偵娭偡傞1978擭偺媍掕彂乿偲屇偽傟傞丅19782寧偵嵦戰偝傟1983擭偐傜崙嵺揑偵敪岠丅擔杮偼19836寧偵壛擖偟偨丅
1973
擭偵崙嵺奀帠婡娭IMO乯偱嵦戰偝傟偨乽慏敃偵傛傞墭愼杊巭偺偨傔偺崙嵺忦栺乮儅儖億乕儖忦栺乯乿偼丄僆僀儖丄壔妛暔幙丄崼曪偝傟偨桳奞暔幙丄墭悈傗攑婞暔側偳偵傛傞墭愼傪擮摢偵抲偄偨傕偺偱偁偭偨偑丄媄弍忋偺栤戣揰摍偑偁傝枹敪岠偺傑傑偱偁偭偨丅偦偺娫偵傕僞儞僇乕偺帠屘偵傛傞奀堟偺墭愼側偳偑惗偠偨偙偲偐傜丄1978擭偺IMO偺僞儞僇乕偺埨慡偲墭愼杊巭偵學傞夛媍偵偍偄偰丄1973擭偺忦栺偵摑崌偡傞宍偱杮忦栺偑嵦戰偝傟偨丅桘椶丄僶儔愊傒桳奞塼懱暔幙丄崼曪偝傟偰桝憲偝傟傞桳奞暔幙丄墭悈媦傃攑暔偺慡偰偑婯惂懳徾偲側偭偰偄傞丅(EIC僱僢僩)

侾俋俈俁擭偺慏敃偵傛傞墭愼偺杊巭偺偨傔偺崙嵺忦栺偵娭偡傞侾俋俈俉擭偺媍掕彂乮俵俙俼俹俷俴俈俁乛俈俉乯佀丂http://www.mlit.go.jp/kaiji/imo/imo0003_.html

 

拹夝 53

In 1997, 160 nations met in Kyoto to negotiate reductions in greenhouse gas emissions pursuant to the terms of the 1992 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The resulting agreement is this document, which sets forth specific limits on emissions. The Kyoto Protocol will become binding if fifty-five nations representing 55% of the greenhouse gas emissions ratify it.
The site also includes a frequently-updated Status of Ratification and several guides to the climate change process and instruments.

嫗搒媍掕彂乮偒傚偆偲偓偰偄偟傚丄塸 Kyoto Protocol 乯偼丄婥岓曄摦榞慻忦栺偵婎偯偒丄1997擭偵嫗搒巗偺崙棫嫗搒崙嵺夛娰偱奐偐傟偨抧媴壏抔壔杊巭嫗搒夛媍乮戞3夞婥岓曄摦榞慻忦栺掲栺崙夛媍丄COP3乯偱偺媍寛偟偨媍掕彂偱偁傞丅惓幃柤徧偼丄婥岓曄摦偵娭偡傞崙嵺楢崌榞慻忦栺偺嫗搒媍掕彂乮塸 Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change乯丅嫗搒媍掕彂偱媍寛偝傟偨撪梕偵偼丄抧媴壏抔壔偺尨場偲側傞丄壏幒岠壥僈僗偺堦庬偱偁傞擇巁壔扽慺丄儊僞儞丄垷巁壔拏慺丄HFCsPFCs丄榋僼僢壔棸墿偵偮偄偰丄愭恑崙偵偍偗傞嶍尭棪傪掕傔丄嫟摨偱栺懇婜娫撪偵栚昗傪払惉偡傞偲偄偆傕偺偲丄乮2008擭乣2012擭偺娫偵丄擔杮儅僀僫僗6亾丄傾儊儕僇儅僀僫僗7亾丄EU儅僀僫僗8亾偲偄偭偨嶍尭棪傪愝掕偟偰偄傞丅乯嫗搒儊僇僯僘儉乮俠俢俵偺儊僇僯僘儉丄攔弌尃庢堷偺儊僇僯僘儉丄嫟摨幚巤偺儊僇僯僘儉丄媧廂尮妶摦偺儊僇僯僘儉乯偑惙傝崬傑傟偰偄傞丅敪揥搑忋崙偺帺敪揑嶲壛偑尒憲傜傟丄悽奅嵟戝偺擇巁壔扽慺敪惗崙偱偁傞傾儊儕僇崌廜崙偑庴偗擖傟傪嫅斲丄儘僔傾楢朚傕庴偗擖傟偺敾抐傪尒憲偭偰偄偨偨傔丄媍掕彂偺敪岠偑婋傇傑傟偰偄偨丅2004擭偵儘僔傾偑斸弝偟偨偨傔敪岠偑妋掕偟偨丅

側偍丄塣梡嵶栚偼丄2001擭偵奐偐傟偨戞7夞婥岓曄摦榞慻忦栺掲栺崙夛媍乮COP7丄儅儔働僔儏夛媍乯偵偍偄偰掕傔傜傟偨丅

擔杮偱偼丄2002531擔偵崙夛偱彸擣偝傟丄200464擔崙嵺楢崌偵庴戻彂傪婑戸偟偨丅(弌揟: 僼儕乕昐壢帠揟亀僂傿僉儁僨傿傾乮Wikipedia乯亁)

乮嶲峫僒僀僩乯抧媴嶻嬈暥壔尋媶強丂佀丂http://www.gispri.or.jp/kankyo/unfccc/

 

拹夝 54

The Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (Stockholm Convention) establishes rules for regulation of Persistant Organic Pollutants (POPs). POPs are highly toxic, persistent chemicals that bioaccumulate and move long distances in the environment.
The Stockholm Convention seeks to eliminate or restrict the production and use of all intentionally produced POPs. It also seeks to limit and eventually eliminate the release of unintentionally produced POPs.

忦栺惂掕偺攚宨丒宱堒側偳丂佀丂奜柋徣僒僀僩

http://www.mofa.go.jp/mofaj/gaiko/kankyo/jyoyaku/pops.html

乮夝愢乯

惓幃柤徧偼丄巆棷惈桳婡墭愼暔幙偵娭偡傞僗僩僢僋儂儖儉忦栺偲偄偆丅2001擭嵦戰丄20032寧尰嵼枹敪岠丅擔杮偼2002擭偵壛柨偟偰偄傞丅巆棷惈桳婡墭愼暔幙POPs乯偲偼丄娐嫬拞偱暘夝偝傟偵偔偔丄惗暔偵拁愊偝傟傗偡偔丄偐偮撆惈偑嫮偄偲偄偭偨惈幙傪傕偭偨壔妛暔幙偺憤徧丅
忦栺偼PCBDDT側偳偺POPs12暔幙乯偵偮偄偰惢憿丒巊梡丒桝弌擖偺嬛巭偲攑婞偺傎偐丄偛傒從媝側偳偱敪惗偡傞僟僀僆僉僔儞椶偺攔弌嶍尭側偳傪掕傔偰偄傞丅1992擭偵奐偐傟偨崙楢娐嫬奐敪夛媍UNCED乯偱POPs偺婯惂偺廳梫惈偑巜揈偝傟丄摨忦栺偑20015寧偵嵦戰偝傟偨丅摨忦栺偼丄50僇崙埲忋偑斸弝偟偰偐傜90擔屻偵敪岠偡傞丅偙傟傑偱偵丄20032寧枛帪揰偱29僇崙偑斸弝偟偰偄傞丅崱屻丄怴偨側POPs傪惗傒弌偝側偄搘椡偲偙傟傑偱偵惢憿丒巊梡偝傟偰偒偨POPs丄偲傝傢偗PCB傗杽愝偝傟偨擾栻椶偺揔惓張棟傪恑傔偰偄偔偙偲偑媮傔傜傟偰偄傞丅乮EIC僱僢僩乯

 

拹夝 55

This international agreement establishes a legal order for the oceans. It contains provisions on territorial sea and innocent passage, international navigation, archipelagic states, exclusive economic zone (EEZ), continental shelf, high seas, regime of islands, enclosed seas, right of access of land-locked states, protection and preservation of the marine environment, marine scientific research, marine technology, and settlement of disputes.
UNCLOS annexes address a variety of additional topics, including highly migratory species and exploration and exploitation of marine resources. Annex VI includes the Statute of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea.

攚宨側偳丂佀丂崙楢僒僀僩

http://www.un.org/Depts/los/index.htm

http://www.un.org/Depts/los/convention_agreements/convention_overview_convention.htm

 (夝愢)

奀梞偵娭偡傞朄揑側拋彉偺宍惉傪栚揑偲偟偨忦栺丅1982擭嵦戰丄1994擭敪岠丅擔杮偼1996擭斸弝丅奀梞偵娭偡傞偡傋偰偺栤戣傪傂偲偮偺忦栺偺拞偵傑偲傔傞偙偲偵傛傝悽奅偺怴偟偄奀梞拋彉偺懱宯壔偵戝偒偔峷專偡傞傕偺偲昡壙偝傟偰偄傞丅
慜暥丄杮暥 320忦丄9偮偺晬懏彂偐傜側傞摨忦栺偺庡梫側撪梕偼丄乮1乯椞奀偺暆偼12奀棦乮1奀棦偼堒搙栺1暘偱丄1852m乯埲撪偲偡傞丄乮2乯増娸崙偼200奀棦傑偱偺攔懠揑宱嵪悈堟傪愝掕偡傞偙偲偑偱偒丄偦偺拞偵偄傞嫑側偳偺惗暔帒尮丄峼暔側偳偺旕惗暔帒尮偺扵嵏偲奐敪偵偮偄偰丄増娸崙偺尃棙偑擣傔傜傟傞丄乮3乯奀梞娐嫬偺曐岇偵偮偄偰崙壠偺尃棙偲媊柋傪婯掕偟丄増娸崙偺娗妽尃傪嫮壔偡傞丄乮4乯暯榓揑栚揑偺奀梞偺壢妛挷嵏偵偮偄偰丄崙嵺嫤椡傪恑傔傞丅
摨忦栺偼丄乽攔懠揑宱嵪悈堟乮EEZ乯乿偲偄偆岞奀偱傕椞奀偱傕側偄悈堟傪愝掕偟丄増娸崙偵偦偺拞偱偺帒尮奐敪側偳傪擣傔傞偐傢傝偵丄帒尮偺娗棟偲奀梞墭愼杊巭偺媊柋傪晧傢偣偰偄傞揰偵摿挜偑偁傝丄廬棃偺岞奀帺桼偺尨懃傪幚幙揑偵曄幙偟偨丅
12晹偺乽奀梞娐嫬偺曐岇偍傛傃曐慡乿偵偍偄偰偼丄奀梞娐嫬偺墭愼偺尨場傪棨忋偐傜偺墭愼丄奀掙偱偺妶摦偵傛傞墭愼丄岞奀偱偺怺奀掙偱偺妶摦偐傜偺墭愼丄搳婞偵傛傞墭愼丄慏敃偐傜偺墭愼丄戝婥偐傜偺墭愼側偳戝偒偔6庬偵暘椶偟丄偦偺杊巭偺偨傔偺崙嵺揑偁傞偄偼抧堟揑側嫤椡丄搑忋崙傊偺巟墖丄娔帇丄娐嫬塭嬁昡壙側偳偑昁梫偱偁傞偲偟偰偄傞丅乮EIC僱僢僩乯

 

拹夝 56

This convention, which was adopted at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), sets forth a structure for the control and reduction of greenhouse gases.

忦栺偺岞幃僒僀僩佀http://www.unfccc.de/

 

拹夝 57

The Berne Convention sets forth the minimum protection to be granted to copyright owners. Each member state of the Berne Convention recognizes works authored by nationals of other contracting states as copyrighted. The Berne Convention eliminates the need for copyright registration or notice, as copyright is now automatically granted. This version is the Paris Act of July 24, 1971, as amended on September 28, 1979.

1886擭丄挊嶌尃偺崙嵺揑側曐岇傪栚揑偵僗僀僗偺庱搒儀儖儞偱掲寢丅儀儖僰忦栺偱偼挊嶌尃傪搊榐庡媊偱偼側偔搊榐側偳偺庤懕偒傪偟側偔偰傕挊嶌尃偑庡挘偱偒傞敪惗庡媊傪庡挘偟丄挊嶌尃傪挊嶌幰偺惗懚婜娫媦傃巰朣屻偺堦掕婜娫曐岇偡傞偙偲傪尨懃偲偟偰偄傞丅

奣梫佀丂http://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/ip/berne/summary_berne.html

儀儖僰忦栺僷儕夵惓忦栺乮朚栿乯佀丂http://www.cric.or.jp/db/z/t1_index.html

 

拹夝 58

The Paris Convention covers all types of intellectual property and has two important provisions. Each member country guarantees citizens of other member countries the same rights as its own citizens, and the right of priority ("priority date") is recognized for subsequent filing in the member countries within a certain period.

奣梫佀丂http://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/ip/paris/summary_paris.html

慡暥乮朚栿乯佀丂http://www.jpo.go.jp/shiryou/s_sonota/aippi/paris/pc/mokuji.htm

 

拹夝 59

忦栺僥僉僗僩朚栿丂佀丂http://www.jpo.go.jp/shiryou/s_sonota/aippi/pa_co/pct/mokuji.htm

The Patent Cooperation Treaty "simplifies and reduces the cost of obtaining international patent protection and facilitates public access to a wealth of technical information relating to inventions. By filing one international patent application under the PCT you can simultaneously seek protection for an invention in over one hundred countries, including developing countries, throughout the world." http://www.wipo.int/pct/en/

僷儕忦栺偺摿暿庢傝寛傔偺侾偮偱丆1970擭偵惉棫丆崙嵺弌婅惂搙丆崙嵺岞奐惂搙丆崙嵺挷嵏惂搙丆崙嵺梊旛怰嵏惂搙傪崪巕偲偟偰偄傞丏摨堦撪梕偺摿嫋傪崙嵺摿嫋弌婅偡傞帪偵丆奺崙偛偲偵弌婅庤懕偒傪偡傞偙偲偵側偭偰偄偨偑丆弌婅恖偺廳暋楯椡偲奺崙摿嫋挕偺廳暋怰嵏偺柍懯傪側偔偡偨傔偵偱偒偨忦栺偱偁傝丆偙偺忦栺偵壛柨偟偰偄傞崙偵懳偡傞崙嵺弌婅偼帺崙偺摿嫋挕偵崙嵺弌婅傪偡傞偙偲偱丆弌婅恖偺巜掕偟偨崙偡傋偰偵弌婅偟偨偙偲偵側傞

摿嫋嫤椡忦栺偼崙嵺弌婅庤懕偒偺摑堦壔丄娙慺壔傪恾偭偨忦栺偱偁傝丄崙撪弌婅庤懕偒傪婯掕偡傞俹俴俿偲偼丄忦栺偺懳徾偲側傞弌婅偑堎側傝傑偡丅偟偐偟側偑傜丄偳偪傜傕弌婅偺庤懕偒傪婯掕偟偨忦栺偱偁傞揰偱偼摨條偱偁傝丄偦偺偨傔俹俴俿偱婯掕偡傞崙撪弌婅庤懕偒偺拞偵丄俹俠俿偵婎偯偔崙嵺弌婅偺宍幃枖偼撪梕偑弨梡偝傟丄堦掕偺惍崌惈偑恾傜傟偰偄傑偡丅

俹俠俿壛柨崙堦棗昞丂佀丂http://www.jpo.go.jp/tetuzuki/t_tokkyo/kokusai/kokusai2.htm

 

拹夝 60

忦栺僥僉僗僩朚栿丂佀丂http://www.cric.or.jp/db/z/wjr_index.html

嶲徠僒僀僩丂佀丂http://www.wipo.int/pressroom/en/releases/2002/p302.htm

乮愢柧乯WIPO偱惂掕偝傟偨儗僐乕僪側偳偵娭偡傞忦栺丏僕儏僱乕僽忦栺(儗僐乕僪曐岇忦栺)儘乕儅忦栺(幚墘壠丄儗僐乕僪惢嶌幰媦傃曻憲婡娭偺曐岇偵娭偡傞崙嵺忦栺)偑婛偵懚嵼偟傑偟偨偑丆摿偵儘乕儅忦栺偵戙傢傞忦栺偲偟偰1996擭偵WIPO偱惂掕偝傟傑偟偨丏2002擭偵敪岠偟丆擔杮偱傕斸弝偟偰偄傞丅

亂儅儖僠儊僨傿傾丒僀儞僞乕僱僢僩帠揟亃儀儖僰忦栺偱傕婯掕偝傟偰偄傞丄榐壒傗榐夋丄傑偨偼惗曻憲偝傟偨僷僼僅乕儅儞僗傪Web忋偱柍嫋壜偱棙梡偡傞偙偲傪嬛偠傞WIPO偵傛傞崙嵺忦栺偺柤徧丅1996擭12寧2乣20擔偵僕儏僱乕僽偱奐嵜偝傟偨WIPO OMPI(Organisation Mondiale de la Propriete Intellectuelle)夛媍偱嵦戰偝傟丄2002擭2寧20擔偵儂儞僕儏儔僗偑30僇崙栚偺惓幃斸弝崙偲側偭偨偙偲偐傜丄摨忦栺偺敪岠偵昁梫側斸弝悢偵払偟丄WIPO偼2002擭2寧21擔偵WPPT偑2002擭5寧偵敪岠偡傞偙偲傪敪昞偟偨丅傑偨丄2002擭3寧偵偼WCT(WIPO Copyright Treaty/WIPO挊嶌尃忦栺)偺敪岠偡傞偙偲偐傜丄偙偺2偮偺忦栺偵傛偭偰乽僨僕僞儖帪戙偵懃偟偨崙嵺挊嶌尃朄偑惍偆偙偲偵側傞乿偲WIPO偼儕儕乕僗暥偱弎傋偰偄傞丅 偨偩偟丄WPPT偼掲栺崙偵偍偄偰偺傒偦偺岠椡偑桳岠偵側傞丅

 

拹夝 61

忦栺僥僉僗僩朚栿丂佀丂http://www.jpo.go.jp/shiryou/s_sonota/aippi/tlt/tlt/mokuji.htm

 

拹夝 62

悽奅奺崙偺摿嫋弌婅偺曽幃揑梫審側偳傪摑堦偟傛偆偲偡傞忦栺

 

拹夝 63

忦栺僥僉僗僩朚栿丂佀丂http://www.jpo.go.jp/shiryou/s_sonota/aippi/budapest/bt/mokuji.htm

 

拹夝 64

忦栺奣梫側偳丂佀丂http://www.singai.jiii.or.jp/pdf2/epo.pdf

 

拹夝 65

忦栺僥僉僗僩朚栿丂佀 http://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/classification/strasbourg/trtdocs_wo026.html

 

拹夝 66

The WIPO Convention, the constituent instrument of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), was signed at Stockholm on July 14, 1967, entered into force in 1970 and was amended in 1979. WIPO is an intergovernmental organization that became in 1974 one of the specialized agencies of the United Nations system of organizations.

忦栺僥僉僗僩朚栿丂佀http://www.jpo.go.jp/shiryou/s_sonota/aippi/wipo/cew/mokuji.htm

 

拹夝 67

忦栺僥僉僗僩朚栿丂佀 http://www.jpo.go.jp/shiryou/s_sonota/aippi/madrid/ma/mokuji.htm